OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 23 — Nov. 15, 2004
  • pp: 5741–5753

Polarization mode dispersion in chirped fiber Bragg gratings

Ding Wang, Michael R. Matthews, and James F. Brennan III  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 23, pp. 5741-5753 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (309 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We clarify the relationship between group delay ripple and differential group delay in birefringent, chirped fiber Bragg gratings and relate this information to polarization mode dispersion. We illustrate that a grating can be characterized completely by measuring the grating phase ripple and fiber birefringence with careful selection of measurement system parameters. The impact of these imperfections on device performance as dispersion compensators in optical communications systems is explored with system testbed simulations and measurements.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: September 28, 2004
Revised Manuscript: November 7, 2004
Published: November 15, 2004

Ding Wang, Michael Matthews, and James Brennan III, "Polarization mode dispersion in chirped fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 5741-5753 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Schiano and G. Zaffiro, �??Polarisation mode dispersion in chirped fiber gratings,�?? in proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication, Madrid, Spain, 20-24 September 1998, 403-404.
  2. T. Erdogan and V. Mizrahi, �??Characterization of UV induced birefringence in photosensitive Ge-doped silica optical fiber ,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2100-2105 (Oct. 1994). [CrossRef]
  3. O. Duhem and M. Douay, �??Effect of UV-induced birefringence on long-period grating coupling characteristics,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 416-417 (Mar. 2000). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Albert, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, K.O. Hill, S.J. Mihailov, D. Stryckman, T. Kitagawa, and Y. Hibino, �??Polarisation-independent strong Bragg gratings in planar lightwave circuits,�?? Electron. Lett. 34, 485-486 (Mar. 1998). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Bonino, M. Norgia, E. Riccardi, and M. Schiano, �??Measurement of polarization properties of chirped fiber gratings,�?? in proceedings of 1997 Optical Fiber Measurement Conference (OFMC �??97), Teddington, UK, 29 September �?? 1 October 1997, 10-13.
  6. L. Berthelot, J. Gourhant, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, �??Vectorial model of Bragg gratings,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 744-745 (April 2000). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, and M. Schiano, �??System penalties due to polarisation mode dispersion of chirped gratings,�?? in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication, 20-24 September 1998, Madrid, Spain, 515-516 (1998).
  8. L. C. B. Linares, A. O. Dal Forno, and J. P. von der Weid, �??Polarimetric measurements of PMD and differential group delay ripple in chirped fiber Bragg gratings,�?? Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 270-3 (Aug. 2002). [CrossRef]
  9. LE Nelson, RM Jopson, H Kogelnik, and GJ Foschini, �??Measurement of depolarization and scaling associated with second-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,�?? Photon. Tech. Letters 11(12), 1614-1616 (December 1999). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. W. Tkach, �??Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,�?? Photon. Tech. Lett. 15, 1076-1078 (2003). Also in proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements (NIST, Boulder, CO, 2002), Session III. [CrossRef]
  11. X Fan and J F Brennan III, �??Performance effect in optical communication systems caused by phase ripple of dispersive components,�?? Appl. Opt. 43 (26), 5033- 5036 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. A. Williams, �??Modulation phase-shift measurement of PMD using only four launched polarization states: a new algorithm,�?? Electron. Lett. 35, 1578-1579 (September 1999). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, and H. Ludvigsen, �??Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings�??, Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1334-1336 (December 2001). [CrossRef]
  14. JF Brennan III, MR Matthews, WV Dower, DJ Treadwell, W Wang, J Porque, & X Fan, �??Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gb/s rates with <0.3-dB power penalties�??, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15 (12), 1722-4 (December 2003). [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics. (Academic Press, 1995), Chap 7.
  16. D. Marcuse, �??Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (December 1990). [CrossRef]
  17. C Scheerer, C Glingener, G Fischer, M Bohn, and W Rosenkranz, �??Influence of filter delay ripples on system performance,�?? in proceedings of 1999 European Conference on Optical Communication, Nice, France, Volume I, 410-411 (1999)
  18. M. R. Matthews, J. Porque, C. D. Hoyle, M. J. Vos, and T. L. Smith,"Simple model of errors in chirped fiber gratings," Opt. Express 12, 189-197 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-1-189">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-1-189</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited