OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 25 — Dec. 13, 2004
  • pp: 6258–6269

Conducting antireflection coatings with low polarization dependent loss for telecommunication applications

J. A. Dobrowolski, Joseph E. Ford, Brian T. Sullivan, Liping Lu, and Norman R. Osborne  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 25, pp. 6258-6269 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.006258


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1234 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Conducting optical coatings for the visible light range are commonly made of Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), but ITO is unsuitable for nearinfrared telecommunications wavelengths because it can become absorptive after extended illumination. In this paper we show an alternative approach which uses conventional coating materials to create either non-conducting or conducting antireflection (AR) coatings that are effective over a fairly broad spectral region (λlong/λshort≈1.40) and also usable for a wide range of angles of incidence (0–38°, or 0–55°) in the telecom wavelength range. Not only is the transmittance of windows treated with such coatings quite high, but they can be made to have extreme polarization independence (low polarization dependent loss values). A number of such coating designs are presented in the paper. A prototype of one of the conducting AR coating designs was fabricated and the measurements were found to be in reasonable agreement with the calculated performance. Such AR coatings should be of interest for telecommunication applications and especially for anti-static hermetic packaging of MEMS devices such as optical switches.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(310.1210) Thin films : Antireflection coatings

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: October 29, 2004
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 2004
Published: December 13, 2004

Citation
J. Dobrowolski, Joseph Ford, Brian Sullivan, Liping Lu, and Norman Osborne, "Conducting antireflection coatings with low polarization dependent loss for telecommunication applications," Opt. Express 12, 6258-6269 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-25-6258


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D.T. Neilson, R. Frahm, P. Kolodner, R.R. Bolle, C. , J. Kim, A. Papazian, C. Nuzman, A. Gasparyan, N. Basavanhally, V. Aksyuk and J. Gates, "256x256 Port Optical Cross-Connect Subsystem," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology 22, 1499-1509 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. J.E. Ford, V.A. Aksyuk, D.J. Bishop and J.A. Walker, "Wavelength add/drop switching using tilting micromirrors.," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology 17, 904-911 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. W.F. Wu and B.S. Chiou, "Effect of annealing on electrical and optical properties of RF magnetron sputtered indium tin oxide films," Applied Surface Science 68, 497-504 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Thelen and H. König, "Zur Entspiegelung von elektrisch leitender Glasoberflächen," in Ergebnisse der Hochvakuumtechnik und Physik dünner Schichten 1, (ed. M. Auwärter) (Wissenschafliche Verlagsgesellschaft MBH, Stuttgart, 1957), pp. 237-240.
  5. R.E. Laird, J.D. Wolfe and C.K. Carniglia, "Durable conductive anti-reflection coatings for glass and plastic substrates," in Proc. of the 39th Ann. Tech. Conf., Philadelphia, PA, Society of Vacuum Coaters (1996).
  6. J. Strumpfel, G. Beister, D. Schulze, M. Kammer and S. Rehn, "Reactive dual magnetron sputtering of oxides for large area production of optical multilayers," in Proc. of the 40th Ann. Tech. Conf., New Orleans, LA, Society of Vacuum Coaters (1997).
  7. R. Wang and C.C. Lee, "Design of antireflection coating using Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) film prepared by Ion Assisted Deposition (IAD)," in Proc. of the 42nd Ann. Tech. Conf., Chicago, I1, Society of Vacuum Coaters (1999).
  8. B.T. Sullivan and J.A. Dobrowolski, "Implementation of a numerical needle method for thin-film design," Appl. Opt. 35, 5484-5492 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B.T. Sullivan, G. Clarke, T. Akiyama, N. Osborne, M. Ranger, J.A. Dobrowolski, L. Howe, A. Matsumoto, Y. Song and K. Kikuchi, "High-rate automated deposition system for the manufacture of complex multilayer coatings," Appl. Opt. 39, 157-167 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. J.A. Dobrowolski, S. Browning, M. Jacobson and M. Nadal, "Topical Meeting on Optical Interference Coatings (OIC'2001): manufacturing problem," Appl. Opt. 41, 3039-3052 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B.T. Sullivan and K.L. Byrt, "Metal/dielectric transmission interference filters with low reflectance. II. Experimental results," Appl. Opt. 34, 5684-5694 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited