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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 3 — Feb. 9, 2004
  • pp: 394–400

Air-core photonic band-gap fibers: the impact of surface modes

K. Saitoh, N. A. Mortensen, and M. Koshiba  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 3, pp. 394-400 (2004)

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We study the dispersion and leakage properties for the recently reported low-loss photonic band-gap fiber by Smith et al. [Nature 424, 657 (2003)]. We find that surface modes have a significant impact on both the dispersion and leakage properties of the fundamental mode. Our dispersion results are in qualitative agreement with the dispersion profile reported recently by Ouzounov et al. [Science 301, 1702 (2003)] though our results suggest that the observed long-wavelength anomalous dispersion is due to an avoided crossing (with surface modes) rather than band-bending caused by the photonic band-gap boundary of the cladding.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: January 6, 2004
Revised Manuscript: January 19, 2004
Published: February 9, 2004

K. Saitoh, N. Mortensen, and M. Koshiba, "Air-core photonic band-gap fibers: the impact of surface modes," Opt. Express 12, 394-400 (2004)

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  1. J. C. Knight, �??Photonic crystal fibres,�?? Nature 424, 847-851 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, �??Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,�?? Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, �??Singlemode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allen, and K. W. Koch, �??Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic band-gap fibre,�?? Nature 424, 657-659 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, �??Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,�?? Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russel, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, �??Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength,�?? Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, �??All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2832-2837 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. A. Mortensen and M. D. Nielsen, �??Modeling of realistic cladding structures for air-core photonic band-gap fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 349-351 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, �??Leakage loss and group velocity dispersion in air-core photonic bandgap fibers,�?? Opt. Express 11, 3100-3109 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-23-3100">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-23-3100</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Lægsgaard, N. A. Mortensen, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, �??Material effects in air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2046-2051 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. M.J. Steel, T.P. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R.C. McPhedran, and L.C. Botten, �??Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 488-490 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, �??Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1291-1293 (2002). [CrossRef]

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