OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 5 — Mar. 8, 2004
  • pp: 747–752

Monomode optical waveguide excited at 1540 nm in LiNbO3 formed by MeV carbon ion implantation at low doses

Shi-Ling Li, Ke-Ming Wang, Feng Chen, Xue-Lin Wang, Gang Fu, Ding-Yu Shen, Hong-Ji Ma, and Rui Nie  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 5, pp. 747-752 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.000747


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (459 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The monomode enhanced-index LiNbO3 waveguide excited at 1540 nm is reported. X-cut LiNbO3 crystals were implanted at room temperature by 6.0 MeV C3+ ions with a dose of 2.0×1015 ions/cm2. Low loss planar optical waveguides were obtained and characterized by the prism coupling technique. Four dark modes were observed for extraordinary light at 633 nm, while only one enhanced-index mode was observed at 1540 nm. The propagation loss of the waveguide is 1.01 dB/cm measured with the moving fiber method. Reflectivity calculation method (RCM) was applied to simulate the refractive index profiles in waveguide. The width of waveguide structure induced by carbon ion implantation is ~3.6 µm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: January 6, 2004
Revised Manuscript: February 17, 2004
Published: March 8, 2004

Citation
Shi-Ling Li, Ke-Ming Wang, Feng Chen, Xu-Lin Wang, Gang Fu, Ding-Yu Shen, Hong-Ji Ma, and Rui Nie, "Monomode optical waveguide excited at 1540 nm in LiNbO3 formed by MeV carbon ion implantation at low doses," Opt. Express 12, 747-752 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-5-747


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Osamu Mitomi, Kazuto Noguchi, Hiroshi Miyazawa, �??Design of ultra-broad-band LiNbO3 optical modulators with ridge structure,�?? IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 43, 2203-2207 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. A. L. Campillo, J. W. P. Hsu, C. A. White, C. D. W. Jones, �??Direct measurement of the guided modes in LiNbO3 waveguides,�??Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2239-2241 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. Eli Arad, Shlomo Ruschin, and David Nir, �??Buried modes in combined Ti diffused and Li outdiffused LiNbO3 slab waveguides,�?? Appt. Phys. Lett. 62, 2194-2916 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Herreros and G. Lifante, �??LiNbO3 optical waveguides by Zn diffusion from vapor phase,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1449-1451 (1995). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Alkaev, C. Sada, N. Argiolas, and M. Bazzan, �??Proton-exchanged waveguides in MgO-doped LiNbO3 : Optical and structural properties,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 94, 1163-1170 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. S. S. Sarkisov, E. K. Williams, D. Ila, P. Venkateswarlu, and D. B. Poker, �??Vanishing optical isolation barrier in double ion-implanted lithium niobate waveguide,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2329-2331 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. G. V. Vázquez, P. D. Townsend, �??Improvements of ion implanted waveguides in Nd:YAG and LiNbO3 using pulsed laser anneals,�?? Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 191, 110-114 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, J. Zhang, J. Liu, K.-M. Wang, B.-R. Shi, D. Shen, X. Wang, �??Optical waveguide formation in LiNbO3 by 2.6 MeV Nickel Ions Implantation,�?? Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 242-244 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. D.-L. Zhang, E. Y. B. Pun, �??Accurate measurement of 1.5 µm of Er3+ in LiNbO3 crystals and waveguides,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 94, 1339-1345 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. P. J. Chandler, F.L. Lama, �??A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation,�?? Opt. Acta 33, 127-142 (1986). [CrossRef]
  11. P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (CUP, 1994).
  12. G. G. Bentini, M. Bianconi, M. Chiarini, L. Correra, C. Sada, P. Mazzoldi, N. Argiolas, and M. Bazzan, R. Guzzi, �??Effect of low dose high energy O3+ implantation on refractive index and linear electro-optic properties in X-cut LiNbO3 : Planar optical waveguide formation and characterization,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6477-6483 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited