OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 5 — Mar. 8, 2004
  • pp: 835–840

Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 5, pp. 835-840 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (260 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe delivery of femtosecond solitons at 800nm wavelength over five meters of hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber. The output pulses had a length of less than 300fs and an output pulse energy of around 65nJ, and were almost bandwidth limited. Numerical modeling shows that the nonlinear phase shift is determined by both the nonlinearity of air and by the overlap of the guided mode with the glass.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: February 4, 2004
Revised Manuscript: February 18, 2004
Published: March 8, 2004

F. Luan, J. Knight, P. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. Reid, B. Mangan, D. Williams, and P. Roberts, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 835-840 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. C. Knight, �??Photonic Crystal fibers,�?? Nature 424, 847-851 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, �??Full 2-D photonic bandgaps in silica/air structures,�?? Electron. Lett. 31 1941-1942 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, D. Allen, P. J. Roberts, �??Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. G. Ouzounov, F.R.Ahmad , D.Muller ,N. Venkataraman, M.T. Gallagher , M.G.Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, A.L.Gaeta, �??Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,�?? Science 301 1702-1704 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics, 3rd edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  6. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, �??Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift,�?? Opt. Lett. 11, 659-661 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, �??Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850nm wavelength,�?? Opt. Express 11 1613 �?? 1620 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613.</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, K. Koch, �??Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,�?? Nature 424, 657-659 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-299">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-299</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade and A. Mysyrowicz, �??Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 14 650-660 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Laegsgaard, N. A. Mortenson, J. Riishede and A. Bjarklev, �??Material effects in air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am B 20 2046-2051 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Laegsgaard, N. A. Mortenson and A. Bjarklev, �??Mode areas and field-energy distribution in honeycomb photonic bandgap fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20 2037-2045 (2003) [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited