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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 9 — May. 3, 2004
  • pp: 1794–1802

Investigation and optimization of bidirectionally dual-order pumped distributed Raman amplifiers

Zhi Tong, Huai Wei, and Shuisheng Jian  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 9, pp. 1794-1802 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.001794


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Abstract

A theoretical investigation of bidirectionally dual-order pumped distributed Raman amplifiers is presented in detail, and comparisons with other Raman amplification schemes, i.e., bidirectional first-order pumping and Raman-plus-erbium-doped fiber hybrid amplification, are carried out, for the first time to the authors’ knowledge, at identical nonlinear phase shifts. The results show that symmetric bidirectional dual-order pumping can achieve the best optical signal-to-noise ratio performance by appropriate choice of the second-order pump wavelength and second-to-first-order pump power ratio for both short- and long-span conditions, which will be helpful for designing long-haul transmission systems.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh
(290.5910) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Raman

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: March 23, 2004
Revised Manuscript: April 8, 2004
Published: May 3, 2004

Citation
Zhi Tong, Huai Wei, and Shuisheng Jian, "Investigation and optimization of bidirectionally dual-order pumped distributed Raman amplifiers," Opt. Express 12, 1794-1802 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-9-1794


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