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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 9 — May. 3, 2004
  • pp: 1864–1872

Simple geometric criterion to predict the existence of surface modes in air-core photonic-bandgap fibers

Michel J. F. Digonnet, Hyang Kyun Kim, Jonghwa Shin, Shanhui Fan, and Gordon S. Kino  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 9, pp. 1864-1872 (2004)

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We propose a simple geometric criterion based on the size of the core relative to the photonic crystal to quickly determine whether an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber with a given geometry supports surface modes. Comparison to computer simulations show that when applied to fibers with a triangular-pattern cladding and a circular air core, this criterion accurately predicts the existence of a finite number of discrete ranges of core radii that support no surface modes. This valuable tool obviates the need for time-consuming and costly simulations, and it can be easily applied to fibers with an arbitrary photonic-crystal structure and core profile.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: March 23, 2004
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 2004
Published: May 3, 2004

Michel Digonnet, Hyang Kim, Jonghwa Shin, Shanhui Fan, and Gordon Kino, "Simple geometric criterion to predict the existence of surface modes in air-core photonic-bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 1864-1872 (2004)

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  1. D. C. Allan, N. F. Borrelli, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, J. A. West, Peihong Zhang, and K. W. Koch, "Surface modes and loss in air-core photonic band-gap fibers," Proc. of SPIE Vol. 5000, pp. 161-174 (2003). [CrossRef]
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