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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 9 — May. 3, 2004
  • pp: 1864–1872

Simple geometric criterion to predict the existence of surface modes in air-core photonic-bandgap fibers

Michel J. F. Digonnet, Hyang Kyun Kim, Jonghwa Shin, Shanhui Fan, and Gordon S. Kino  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 9, pp. 1864-1872 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.001864


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Abstract

We propose a simple geometric criterion based on the size of the core relative to the photonic crystal to quickly determine whether an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber with a given geometry supports surface modes. Comparison to computer simulations show that when applied to fibers with a triangular-pattern cladding and a circular air core, this criterion accurately predicts the existence of a finite number of discrete ranges of core radii that support no surface modes. This valuable tool obviates the need for time-consuming and costly simulations, and it can be easily applied to fibers with an arbitrary photonic-crystal structure and core profile.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: March 23, 2004
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 2004
Published: May 3, 2004

Citation
Michel Digonnet, Hyang Kim, Jonghwa Shin, Shanhui Fan, and Gordon Kino, "Simple geometric criterion to predict the existence of surface modes in air-core photonic-bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 1864-1872 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-9-1864


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References

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