OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 10 — May. 16, 2005
  • pp: 3737–3742

Design study of highly sensitive nanowire-enhanced surface plasmon resonance biosensors using rigorous coupled wave analysis

Kyung Min Byun, Sung June Kim, and Donghyun Kim  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 10, pp. 3737-3742 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (124 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this study, we investigated the sensitivity enhancement in nanowire-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors using rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA). The enhancement, enabled by the excitation of localized surface plasmons in gold nanowires, offers improved performance in sensitivity as well as in reproducibility and customizability. Calculation results found that a T-profile provides higher sensitivity than an inverse T-profile in general and also determined optimum design parameters. Our study on a nanowire-enhanced SPR biosensor demonstrates the potential for significant improvement in the sensitivity through the nanowire-mediated localized SPR.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: April 6, 2005
Revised Manuscript: April 27, 2005
Published: May 16, 2005

Kyung Byun, Sung Kim, and Donghyun Kim, "Design study of highly sensitive nanowire-enhanced surface plasmon resonance biosensors using rigorous coupled wave analysis," Opt. Express 13, 3737-3742 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, �??Surface-plasmon microscopy,�?? Nature 332, 615-617 (1988). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Matsubara, S. Kawata, and S. Minami, �??Optical chemical sensor based on surface plasmon measurement,�?? Appl. Opt. 27, 1160-1163 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Nylanderm B. Liedberg, and T. Lind, �??Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance,�?? Sens. Actuators 3, 79-88 (1982-1983). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Hall, �??Use of optical biosensors for the study of mechanically concerted surface adsorption processes,�?? Anal. Biochem. 288, 109-125 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, �??Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,�?? Langmuir 14, 5636-5648 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. D. R. Baselt, G. U. Lee, K. M. Hansen, L. A. Chrisey, and R. J. Colton, �??A high-sensitivity micromachined biosensor,�?? Proceedings of the IEEE, 85, 672-680 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, �??Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,�?? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, �??Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,�?? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, �??A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,�?? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596-10604 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, �??Diffraction analysis of dielectric surface-relief gratings,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1385-1392 (1982). [CrossRef]
  11. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, �??Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of metallic surface-relief gratings,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1780-1787 (1986). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, �??100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask,�?? Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).
  13. T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, �??Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters,�?? J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Park, G. Lee, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, �??Resonant coupling of surface plasmons to radiation modes by use of dielectric gratings,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1870-1872 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Lermé, �??Introduction of quantum finite-size effects in the Mie�??s theory for a multilayered metal sphere in the dipolar approximation: application to free and matrix-embedded noble metal clusters,�?? Eur. Phys. J. D 10, 265-277 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. E. Moreno, D. Erni, C. Hafner, and R. Vahldieck, �??Multiple multipole method with automatic multipole setting applied to the simulation of surface plasmons in metallic nanostructures,�?? J. Am. Opt. Soc. A 19, 101-111 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. K. M. Byun, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, �??Investigation of the sensitivity enhancement of nanoparticle-based surface plasmon resonance biosensors using rigorous coupled-wave analysis,�?? in Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine II, T. Vo-Dinh, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. K. Gryczynski, eds., Proc SPIE 5703, 61-70 (2005).
  18. E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, �??Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging,�?? J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, �??Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing,�?? Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. A. Lyon, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, �??Surface plasmon resonance of Au colloid-modified Au films: Particle size dependence,�?? J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 5826-5831 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, Academic Press, Orlando, FL (1985).
  22. G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, W. Gotschy, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, �??Optical properties of Ag and Au nanowire gratings,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3825-3830 (2001). [CrossRef]
  23. W. Gotschy, K. Vonmetz, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, �??Optical dichroism of lithographically designed silver nanoparticle films,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1099-1101 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, �??Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1096-1098 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited