OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 11 — May. 30, 2005
  • pp: 4185–4195

Expression of target optical properties in subsurface polarization-gated imaging

Ralph Nothdurft and Gang Yao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 11, pp. 4185-4195 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1893 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We examined the expression of target optical properties in subsurface polarization imaging under linearly and circularly polarized illumination. Reflecting, scattering, and absorption targets were imaged in tissue mimic phantoms. The polarization gated images were compared with raw and unpolarized images to determine image enhancement as a function of target depth. The experimental results were also compared with Monte-Carlo simulations to study the model’s applicability. Our results indicated that polarization imaging provided a means to separate different optical targets where they would otherwise appear similar under unpolarized light.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.7050) Imaging systems : Turbid media
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(290.4020) Scattering : Mie theory
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: February 28, 2005
Revised Manuscript: May 19, 2005
Published: May 30, 2005

Ralph Nothdurft and Gang Yao, "Expression of target optical properties in subsurface polarization-gated imaging," Opt. Express 13, 4185-4195 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. G. Demos and R.R. Alfano, �??Optical polarization imaging,�?? Appl. Opt. 36, 150-155 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, �??Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,�?? Nature Medicine 5, 1209-1213(1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. G. Demos, H. B. Radousky, and R. R. Alfano, �??Deep subsurface imaging in tissues using spectral and polarization filtering,�?? Opt. Express 7, 23-28(2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. P. Morgan and I.M. Stockford, "Surface-reflection elimination in polarization imaging of superficial tissue," Opt. Lett. 28, 114-116(2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V. Backman, R. Gurjar, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, P.R. Dasari, L.T. Perelman, and M.S. Feld, �??Polarized light scattering spectroscopy for quantitative measurement of epithelial cellular structures in situ,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron 5, 1019-1026(1999) [CrossRef]
  6. S. G. Demos, A.J. Papadopoulos, H. Savage, A.S. Heerdt, S. Schantz, and P.R. Alfano, �??Polarization filter for biomedical tissue optical imaging,�?? Photochemistry & Photobiology 66, 821-5(1997). [CrossRef]
  7. S. L. Jacques, J. R. Roman, and K. Lee, "Imaging superficial tissues with polarized light," Lasers in Surg. & Med. 26, 119�??129(2000). [CrossRef]
  8. S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, "Imaging skin pathology with polarized light," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 329-340(2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Sankaran, M.J. Everett, D.J. Maitland, and J.T.Walsh, "Comparison of polarized-light propagation in biological tissue and phantoms," Opt. Lett. 24, 1044-1046(1999). [CrossRef]
  10. V. Sankaran, J. T. Walsh, and D. J. Maitland, "Polarized light propagation through tissue phantoms containing densely packed scatterers," Opt. Lett. 25, 239-241(2000). [CrossRef]
  11. V. Sankaran, J. T. Walsh, and D. J. Maitland, "Comparative study of polarized light propagation in biologic tissues," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 300-306(2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. X. Ni and R. R. Alfano, �??Time-resolved backscattering of circularly and linearly polarized light in a turbid medium,�?? Opt. Express 29, 2773-2775(2004).
  13. G. Yao, �??Differential optical polarization imaging in turbid media with different embedded objects,�?? Opt. Comm. 241, 255-261(2004). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Pan, R. Birngruber, R. Engelhardt, �??Contrast limits of coherence-gated imaging in scattering media,�?? Appl. Opt. 36, 2979-2983 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. D. Kim and M. Moscoso, �??Backscattering of circularly polarized pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1589�??1591 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. I. M. Stockford, S. P. Morgan, P. C. Y. Chang, and J. G. Walker, "Analysis of the spatial distribution of polarized light backscattered from layered scattering media," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 313-320(2002) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. J. van Staveren, C. J. M. Moes, J. van Marle, S. A. Prahl, and M. J. C. van Gemert, "Light scattering in Intralipid-10% in the wavelength range of 400-1100nm," Appl. Opt. 30, 4507-4514(1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. Ghosh, H. S. Patel, and P. K. Gupta, �??Depolarization of light in tissue phantoms �?? effect of a distribution in the size of scatterers,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2198-2205 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited