OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 12 — Jun. 13, 2005
  • pp: 4406–4413

Enhanced mid-infrared transmission through nanoscale metallic coaxial-aperture arrays

Wenjun Fan, Shuang Zhang, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 12, pp. 4406-4413 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3524 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Using a single interferometric lithography patterning step along with self-aligned pattern-definition techniques, uniform, large-area metallic coaxial arrays with ~100-nm toroidal gaps are fabricated. Enhanced (5×) mid-infrared (4 µm) transmission through these sub-wavelength coaxial arrays is observed as compared with that through the same fractional opening area hole arrays as a result of the complex coaxial unit cell. Varying the coaxial dimensions shifts the resonance wavelength and impacts the maximum transmission; design rules are derived. The ability to control the transmission wavelength combined with dramatically enhanced transmission represent a promising path toward nanophotonic applications.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(220.3740) Optical design and fabrication : Lithography
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: May 3, 2005
Revised Manuscript: May 27, 2005
Published: June 13, 2005

Wenjun Fan, Shuang Zhang, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Enhanced mid-infrared transmission through nanoscale metallic coaxial-aperture arrays," Opt. Express 13, 4406-4413 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, �??Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,�?? Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. H.J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R.A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F.J. Garcia-Vidal and T.W. Ebbesen, �??Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,�?? Science 297, 820�??822 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux and T. W. Ebbesen, �??Surface plasmon polaritons and their role in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, �??Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3629-3651 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3629.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3629</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Degiron and T. W. Ebbesen, �??The role of localized surface plasmon modes in the enhanced transmission of periodic subwavelength apertures,�?? J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S90-S96 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. �??t Hooft, D. Lenstra and E. R. Eliel, �??Plasmon-Assisted two-slit transmission: Young�??s experiment revisited,�?? Phys, Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005) [CrossRef]
  7. A. Nahata, R. A. Linke, T. Ishi and K. Ohashi, �??Enhanced nonlinear optical conversion from a periodically nanostructured metal film,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 423-425 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux and T. W. Ebbesen, �??Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,�?? Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. F. I. Baida and D. Van Labeke, �??Light transmission by subwavelength annular aperture arrays in metallic films,�?? Opt. Commun. 209, 17-22 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Moreau, G. Granet, F. I. Baida and D. Van Labeke, �??Light transmission by subwavelength square coaxial aperture arrays in metallic films,�?? Opt. Express 11, 1131-1136 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-10-1131.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-10-1131</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J. Brueck, �??Enhanced infrared transmission through subwavelength coaxial metallic arrays,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, �??Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission,�?? Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. S. R. J. Brueck, S. H. Zaidi, X. Chen and Z. Zhang, �??Interferometric lithography - from periodic arrays to arbitrary patterns,�?? Microelectron. Eng. 42, 145-148 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Genet, M. P. Van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, �??Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,�?? Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, G. Granet, A. Moreau and A. Belkhir, �??Origin of the super-enhanced light transmission through a 2-D metallic annular aperture array: a study of photonic bands,�?? Appl. Phys. B 79, 1-8 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. N. Marcuvitz, Waveguide handbook, (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1951).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited