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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 14 — Jul. 11, 2005
  • pp: 5216–5226

Optical modulation and detection in slotted Silicon waveguides

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, Guangxi Wang, R. Lawson, Y. Liao, P. A. Sullivan, L. Dalton, A. K.-Y. Jen, and A. Scherer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 14, pp. 5216-5226 (2005)

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We demonstrate a novel mechanism for low power optical detection and modulation in a slotted waveguide geometry filled with nonlinear electro-optic polymers. The nanoscale confinement of the optical mode, combined with its close proximity to electrical contacts, enables the direct conversion of optical energy to electrical energy, without external bias, via optical rectification, and also enhances electro-optic modulation. We demonstrate this process for power levels in the sub-milliwatt regime, as compared to the kilowatt regime in which optical nonlinear effects are typically observed at short length scales. Our results suggest that a new class of detectors based on nonlinear optics may be practical.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.0040) Detectors : Detectors
(040.6040) Detectors : Silicon
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(130.4310) Integrated optics : Nonlinear
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(230.0040) Optical devices : Detectors
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: May 16, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 20, 2005
Published: July 11, 2005

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, Guangxi Wang, R. Lawson, Y. Liao, P. Sullivan, L. Dalton, A. Jen, and A. Scherer, "Optical modulation and detection in slotted Silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 5216-5226 (2005)

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