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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 14 — Jul. 11, 2005
  • pp: 5377–5386

Formation of Type I-IR and Type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask

Christopher W. Smelser, Stephen J. Mihailov, and Dan Grobnic  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 14, pp. 5377-5386 (2005)

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The formation of two grating types in SMF-28 fiber by focusing 125 fs, 0.5–2 mJ pulses through a phase mask onto a fiber sample is studied. The first type, specified as type I-IR, occurs below the damage threshold of the medium. The scaling behavior of the type I-IR gratings with field intensity and annealing properties suggests that their formation is related to nonlinear absorption processes, possibly resulting in color center formation. The second type, denoted as type II-IR, occurs coincidentally with white light generation within the fiber. These type II-IR gratings are stable at temperatures in excess of 1000 °C and are most likely a consequence of damage to the medium following ionization.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(320.7140) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: May 10, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 8, 2005
Published: July 11, 2005

Christopher Smelser, Stephen Mihailov, and Dan Grobnic, "Formation of Type I-IR and Type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask," Opt. Express 13, 5377-5386 (2005)

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