OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 14 — Jul. 11, 2005
  • pp: 5377–5386

Formation of Type I-IR and Type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask

Christopher W. Smelser, Stephen J. Mihailov, and Dan Grobnic  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 14, pp. 5377-5386 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.005377


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (562 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The formation of two grating types in SMF-28 fiber by focusing 125 fs, 0.5–2 mJ pulses through a phase mask onto a fiber sample is studied. The first type, specified as type I-IR, occurs below the damage threshold of the medium. The scaling behavior of the type I-IR gratings with field intensity and annealing properties suggests that their formation is related to nonlinear absorption processes, possibly resulting in color center formation. The second type, denoted as type II-IR, occurs coincidentally with white light generation within the fiber. These type II-IR gratings are stable at temperatures in excess of 1000 °C and are most likely a consequence of damage to the medium following ionization.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(320.7140) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: May 10, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 8, 2005
Published: July 11, 2005

Citation
Christopher Smelser, Stephen Mihailov, and Dan Grobnic, "Formation of Type I-IR and Type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask," Opt. Express 13, 5377-5386 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-14-5377


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 191, 333-339 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Kondo, K. Nouchi, T. Mitsuyy, M. Watanabe, P. G. Kanansky, and K. Hirao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by focused irradiation of infrared femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 646-649 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. Ding, and J. Unruh, "Bragg Gratings Written in All-SiO2 and Ge-Doped Core Fibers With 800-nm Femtosecond Radiation and a Phase Mask," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 94-100 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, D. Grobnic, H. Ding, G. Henderson, and J. Unruh, "Fiber Bragg gratings made with a phase mask and 800-nm femtosecond radiation," Opt. Lett. 28, 995-997 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Stephen A. Slattery, David N. Nikogosyan, Gilberto Brambilla, "Fiber Bragg grating inscription by high-intensity femtosecond UV laser light: comparison with other existing methods of fabrication,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, pp. 354-361 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Dragomir, D. N. Nikogosyan, K. A. Zagorulko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation," Opt. Lett. 28, 2171-2173 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. A. Zagorulko, P. G. Kryukov, Yu. V. Larionov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, and E. M. Dianov, S. V. Chekalin, Yu. A. Matveets, and V. O. Kompanets, �??Fabrication of fiber Bragg gratings with 267 nm femtosecond radiation�?? Opt. Express 12, 5996-6001 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Martinez, M. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, "Direct writing of fibre Bragg gratings by femtosecond laser," Electron. Lett. 40, 1170-1172 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, and P. Lu, "Fiber Bragg Gratings With Suppressed Cladding Modes Made in SMF-28 With a Femtosecond IR Laser and a Phase Mask," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1864-1866 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, "Generation of pure two-beam interference grating structures in an optical fiber with a femtosecond infrared source and a phase mask," Opt. Lett. 29, 1730-1732 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, "Hydrogen loading for fiber grating writing with a femtosecond laser and a phase mask," Opt. Lett. 29, 2127-2129 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, H. Ding, and X. Dai, "Multiple-beam interference patterns in optical fiber generated with ultrafast pulses and a phase mask," Opt. Lett. 29, 1458-1460 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, "High Reflectivity and Narrow Bandwidth Fibre Gratings Written by Single Excimer Pulse," Electron. Lett. 29, 28-29 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings, (Academic Press, New York, 1999)
  16. D. K. W. Lam, Brian K. Garside., �??Characterization of single-mode optical fiber filters,�?? Appl. Opt. 20, 440-445 (1981) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, �??Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fibers by a transverse holographic method,�?? Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Junji Nishii, Naoyuki Kitamura, Hiroshi Yamanaka, Hideo Hosono, Hiroshi Kawazoe, �??Ultraviolet-raditationinduced chemical reactions through one- and two- photon absorption processes in GeO2-SiO2 glasses,�?? Opt. Lett., 20, 1184-1186 (1995) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. Malo, J. Albert, K.O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D.C. Johnson, and S. Theriault., �??Enhanced photosensitivity in lightly doped standard telecommunications fiber exposed to high fluence ArF excimer laser light,�?? Electron.Lett. 31, 879-880 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited