OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 14 — Jul. 11, 2005
  • pp: 5424–5433

Photophysical properties and optical limiting property of a soluble chloroaluminum-phthalocyanine

Quan Gan, Shayu Li, Fabrice Morlet-Savary, Shuangqing Wang, Shuyin Shen, Huijun Xu, and Guoqiang Yang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 14, pp. 5424-5433 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.005424


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (258 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A chloroaluminum-phthalocyanine (AlCl-Pc) with tetra-α-butoxy chains (AlCl-Pc-OC4) has been synthesized and the photophysical parameters have been determined using steady-state and time-resolved absorption as well as emission spectroscopy. A luminescence from S2 excited state with long lifetime (5.71ns) is observed. A multi level model has been proposed to explain the photophysical processes after Soret-band excitation (λex=355nm). The optical limiting performance for 532nm-7ns laser pulses of AlCl-Pc-OC4 has been investigated in THF solution. The σex and ratio of σex/σ0 has been calculated. The good optical limiting performance is attributed to a reverse saturable absorption mechanism. It indicates that AlCl-Pc-OC4 could be promising candidates for optical limiting material.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: May 25, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 27, 2005
Published: July 11, 2005

Citation
Quan Gan, Shayu Li, Fabrice Morlet-Savary, Shuangqing Wang, Shuyin Shen, Huijun Xu, and Guoqiang Yang, "Photophysical properties and optical limiting property of a soluble chloroaluminum-phthalocyanine," Opt. Express 13, 5424-5433 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-14-5424


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. V. Moloney, Nonlinear optical materials (Springer: New York, 1998). [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Kumar, �??Nonlinear optical response and reverse saturable absorption of rare earth phthalocyanine in DMF solution,�?? J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mat. 12(3), 367-376 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Hanack, D. Dini, M. Barthel, and S. Vagin, �??Conjugated Macrocycles as Active Materials in Nonlinear Optical Processes: Optical Limiting Effect with Phthalocyanines and Related Compounds,�?? Chem. Record. 2, 129-148 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. G. S. He, G. C. Xu, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, J. C. Bhatt, and A. G. Dillard, �??Two-photon absorption and optical limiting properties of novel organic compounds,�?? Opt. Lett. 20, 435-437 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Z. Henari, �??Optical switching in organometallic phthalocyanines,�?? J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt 3, 188-190 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. C. C. Leznoff, A. B. P. Lever, Phthalocyanines-Properties and Applications, (Vol. I-IV, VCH, New York, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1996).
  7. A. N. Cammidge, M. J. Cook, K. J. Harrison, and N. B. Mckeown, �??Synthesis and characterisation of some 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octa(alkoxymethyl)phthalocyanines; a new series of discotic liquid crystals,�?? J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, (12), 3053-3058 (1991). [CrossRef]
  8. R. D. George, A. W. Snow, J. S. Shirk, and W. R. Barger, �??The alpha substitution effect on phthalocyanine aggregation,�?? J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 2, 1-7 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. A. W. Snow, J. S. Shirk, and R. G. S. Pong, �??Oligooxyethylene liquid Phthalocyanines,�?? J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 4, 518-524 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Calvete, G. Y. Yang, and M. Hanack, �??Porphyrins and phthalocyanines as materials for optical limiting,�?? Synthetic Metals 141, 231-243 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. (A) Z. Z. Ho, C. Y. Ju, and W. M. Hetherington III, �??Third Harmonic Generation in Phthalocyanines,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 62, 716-718 (1987). (B) H. S. Naiwa, T. Saito, A. Kakuta, and T. Iwayanagi, �??Third-order Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymorphs of Oxotitianium Phthalocyanine,�?? J. Phys. Chem. 97, 10515-10517 (1993). [CrossRef]
  12. It was characterized by UV-Vis, IR, ^1HNMR and TOF-MS. ^1HNMR(CDCl3, 300MHz) signals show multiplet for the regioisomers of the AlCl-Pc-OC4: 9.111~8.918(m, 4H), 8.136~8.030(m, 4H), 7.611~7.528(m, 4H), 4.941~4.627(m, 8H), 2.446~2.400(m, 8H), 2.172~2.124(m, 8H), 1.383~1.310(m,12H). TOF-MS found 861.9 (calu. 862.5).
  13. I. Rückmann, A. Zeug, R. Herter, and B. Röder, �??On the influence of higher excited states on the ISC quantum yield of Octa-α-alkyloxy-substituted Zn-Phthalocyanine molecules studied by nonlinear absorption,�?? Photochemistry and Photobiology 66(5), 576-584 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. A. T. Rhys Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, �??Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,�?? Analyst. 108, 1067-1071 (1983). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Bonneau, I. Carmichael, and G. L. Hug, �??Molar absorption coefficients of transient species in solution,�?? Pure & Appl. Chem. 63(2), 289-299 (1991). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Bensasson, C. R. Gold Schmidt, E. J. Land, and T. G. Trascott, �??Laser intensity and the comparative method for determination of triplet quantum yields,�?? Photochem. Photobiol. 28, 277-281 (1978). [CrossRef]
  17. F. Morlet-Savary, C. Ley, P. Jacques, F. Wieder, and J. P. Fouassier, �??Time dependent solvent effects on the T1-Tn absorption spectra of thioxanthone: a picosecond investigation,�?? J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 126, 7-14 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Chosrowjan, S. Tanigichi, T. Okada, S. Takagi, T. Arai, and K. Tokumaru, �??Electron transfer quenching of S2 state fluorescence of Zn-tetraphenylporphyrin,�?? Chemical Physics Letters 242, 644-649 (1995). [CrossRef]
  19. K. Tokumaru, �??Photochemical and photophysical behavior of porphyrins and phthalocyanines irradiated with violet or ultraviolet light,�?? J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 5, 77-86 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. J. H. Brannon, D. Magde, �??Picosecond laser photophysics. Group 3A phthalocyanines,�?? J. Am Chem. Soc. 102, 62-65 (1980). [CrossRef]
  21. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, K. Alvarez, and I. Choong, �??Enhanced reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting in heavy-atom-substituted phthalocyanines,�?? Opt. Lett. 19, 625-627 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. M. McKerns, W. Sun, C. M. Lawson, and G. M. Gray, �??Higher-order triplet interaction in energy-level modeling of excited-state absorption for an expanded porphyrin cadmium complex,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22 (4), 852-861 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. J. S. Shirk, R. F. S. Pong, S. R. Flom, H. Heckmann, and M. Hanack, �??Effect of Axial Substitution on the Optical Limiting Properties of Indium Phthalocyanines,�?? J. Phys. Chem. A. 104, 1438-1449 (2000). [CrossRef]
  24. T. H. Wei, T. H. Huang, and J. K. Hu, �??Electronic energy dissipation in chloro-aluminum phthalocyanine/methanol system following nonlinear interaction with a train of picosecond pulses,�?? J. Chemical Physics 116, 2536-2541 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited