OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 19 — Sep. 19, 2005
  • pp: 7535–7540

Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths tapered to normal dispersion at all wavelengths

Peter Falk, Michael H. Frosz, and Ole Bang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 19, pp. 7535-7540 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (418 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We numerically study supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers with two zero-dispersion wavelengths, weakly tapered to have normal dispersion at all wavelengths after a certain distance. We pump with 15 fs pulses with milliwatt average power and show that two distinct smooth spectral parts are generated, with improved stability due to the normal dispersion. We characterize the two spectral parts and show how the 3 dB bandwidth, the center wavelength, and the power of the two parts depend on the taper parameters and the pump power.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: July 18, 2005
Revised Manuscript: September 3, 2005
Published: September 19, 2005

Peter Falk, Michael Frosz, and Ole Bang, "Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths tapered to normal dispersion at all wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 7535-7540 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, �??Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 1415-1417 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, �??Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. S.A. Diddams, D.J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J.L. Hall, J.K. Ranka, R.S.Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, �??Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Morioka, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, K. Takiguchi, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, H. Takahashi, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, and H. Ono, �??1Tbit/s (100Gbit/s x 10 channel) OTDM/WDM transmission using a single supercontinuum WDM source,�?? Electron. Lett. 32, 906-907 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. I. Hartl, X.D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Ghanta, T.K. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and P.S. Windeler, �??Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air silica microstructure optical fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Unterhuber, B Považay, K. Bizheva, B. Hermann, H. Sattmann, A. Stingl, T. Le, M. Seefeld, R. Menzel, M. Preusser, H. Budka, Ch. Schubert, H. Reitsamer, P.K. Ahnelt, J.E. Morgan, A. Cowey, and W. Drexler, �??Advances in broad bandwidth light sources for ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography,�?? Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1235-1246 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J.M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R.S.Windeler, B.J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, �??Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Coen, A.H.L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, �??Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, �??Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher-order solitons in photonic-crystal fibers�??, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2171-2182 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. N.I. Nikolov, T. Sørensen, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, �??Improving efficiency of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers by direct degenerate four-wave mixing,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2329-2337 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. N.R. Newbury, B.R. Washburn, R.S. Windeler, and K.L. Corwin, �??Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 944-946 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K.L. Corwin, N.R. Newbury, J.M. Dudley, S. Coen, S.A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R.S. Windeler, �??Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C.M. Netti, M.E. Zoorob, S. Roberts, M.D. Charlton, G.J. Parker, J.J. Baumberg, J.R. Lincoln, M.J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, �??Low noise self-phase modulation continuum generation in high index tapered planar waveguide at 1040nm for OCT applications,�?? paper 5690-38, Photonic West, San Jose, USA, Jan. 22-27, 2005.
  14. K.M. Hilligsøe, T.V. Andersen, H.N. Paulsen, C.K. Nielsen, S.R. Keiding, S. Kristiansen, K.P. Hansen, and J.J. Larsen, �??Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero dispersion wavelengths,�?? Opt. Express 6, 1045-1054 (2004). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1045">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1045</a> [CrossRef]
  15. M.H. Frosz, P. Falk, and O. Bang, �??The role of the second zero-dispersion wavelength in generation of supercontinua and bright-bright soliton-pairs across the zero-dispersion wavelength,�?? Opt. Express 13, 6181-6192 (2005). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-6181">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-6181</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J.M. Schmitt, S.H. Xiang, and K.M. Yung, �??Differential absorption imaging with optical coherence tomography,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2288-2296 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. F. Lu, Y. Deng, and W.H. Knox, �??Generation of broadband femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion-micromanaged holey fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 30, 1566-1568 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S.G. Johnson and J.D. Joannopoulos, �??Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell�??s equations in a planewave basis,�?? Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-3-173">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-3-173</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd edition (Academic, New York, 2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited