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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Micha
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 23 — Nov. 14, 2005
  • pp: 9235–9247

Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals

Jun He, Yingli Qu, Heping Li, Jun Mi, and Wei Ji  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 23, pp. 9235-9247 (2005)

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We report a systematic investigation of both three-photon absorption (3PA) spectra and wavelength dispersions of Kerr-type nonlinear refraction in wide-gap semiconductors. The Z-scan measurements are recorded for both ZnO and ZnS with femtosecond laser pulses. While the wavelength dispersions of the Kerr nonlinearity are in agreement with a two-band model, the wavelength dependences of the 3PA are found to be given by (3Ephoton/Eg -1)5/2(3Ephoton/Eg )-9. We also evaluate higher-order nonlinear optical effects including the fifth-order instantaneous nonlinear refraction associated with virtual three-photon transitions, and effectively seventh-order nonlinear processes induced by three-photon-excited free charge carriers. These higher-order nonlinear effects are insignificant with laser excitation irradiances up to 40 GW/cm2. Both pump-probe measurements and three-photon figures of merits demonstrate that ZnO and ZnS should be a promising candidate for optical switching applications at telecommunication wavelengths.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.5970) Nonlinear optics : Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: October 5, 2005
Revised Manuscript: October 28, 2005
Published: November 14, 2005

Jun He, Yingli Qu, Heping Li, Jun Mi, and Wei Ji, "Three-photon absorption in ZnO and ZnS crystals," Opt. Express 13, 9235-9247 (2005)

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