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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 25 — Dec. 12, 2005
  • pp: 10157–10162

Three-photon-excited upconversion luminescence of YVO4 single crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation

Luyun Yang, Chen Wang, Yongjun Dong, Ning Da, Xiao Hu, Danping Chen, and Jianrong Qiu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 25, pp. 10157-10162 (2005)

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We report on the upconversion luminescence of a pure YVO4 single crystal excited by an infrared femtosecond laser. The luminescent spectra show that the upconversion luminescence comes from the transitions from the lowest excited states 3T1, 3T2 to the ground state 1A1 of the VO43. The dependence of the fluorescence intensity on the pump power density of laser indicates that the conversion of infrared irradiation to visible emission is dominated by three-photon excitation process. We suggest that the simultaneous absorption of three infrared photons promotes the VO43 to excited states, which quickly cascade down to lowest excited states, and radiatively relax to ground states, resulting in the broad characteristic fluorescence of VO43.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Luyun Yang, Chen Wang, Yongjun Dong, Ning Da, Xiao Hu, Danping Chen, and Jianrong Qiu, "Three-photon-excited upconversion luminescence of YVO4 single crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 13, 10157-10162 (2005)

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Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

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