OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 25 — Dec. 12, 2005
  • pp: 9970–9981

Refinement of Er3+-doped hole-assisted optical fiber amplifier

A. D’Orazio, M. De Sario, L. Mescia, V. Petruzzelli, and F. Prudenzano  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 25, pp. 9970-9981 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1067 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



This paper deals with design and refinement criteria of erbium doped hole-assisted optical fiber amplifiers for applications in the third band of fiber optical communication. The amplifier performance is simulated via a model which takes into account the ion population rate equations and the optical power propagation. The electromagnetic field profile of the propagating modes is carried out by a finite element method solver. The effects of the number of cladding air holes on the amplifier performance are investigated. To this aim, four different erbium doped hole-assisted lightguide fiber amplifiers having a different number of cladding air holes are designed and compared. The simulated optimal gain, optimal length, and optimal noise fig. are discussed. The numerical results highlight that, by increasing the number of air holes, the gain can be improved, thus obtaining a shorter amplifier length. For the erbium concentration NEr=1.8×1024 ions/m3, the optimal gain G(Lopt) increases up to ≅ 2dB by increasing the number of the air holes from M=4 to M=10.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials

ToC Category:
Research Papers

A. D'Orazio, M. De Sario, L. Mescia, V. Petruzzelli, and F. Prudenzano, "Refinement of Er3+-doped hole-assisted optical fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 9970-9981 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. J. Foschini, I. M. Habbab, "Capacity of a broadcast channels in the near-future CATV architecture," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 507-513 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Otami, K. Goto, T. Kawazawa, H. Abe, and M. Tanaka, "Effect of span loss increase on the optically amplified communication system," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 737-742 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. C. R. Giles, E. Desrvire, J. R. Talman, J. R. Simpson, and P. C. Becker, "2-Gbit/s signal amplification at λ=1.53 µm in an erbium-doped single-mode fiber amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 651-656 (1989). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Desrvire, C. R. Giles, and J. R. Simpson, "Gain saturation effects in high speed, multichannel erbium doped fiber amplifiers at λ=1.53 µm," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 2095-2104 (1989). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Lumholt, J. H. Polvsen, K. Shusler, A. Bjarklev, S. D. Pedersen, T. Rasmussen, and K. Rottwitt, "Quantum limited noise fig. operation of high gain erbium doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1344-1352 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russel, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, and D. M. Aktin, "All silica single mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russel, J. P. de Sandro, "Large mode area photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 34, 1347-1348 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Broeng, D. Mongilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fibers: a new class of optical waveguide," Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 305-330 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. K. G. Hougaard, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, "Low pump power photonic crystal fibre amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 599-600 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Láegsgaard, and A. Bjarklev, "Doped photonic bandgap fibers for short-wavelength nonlinear devices," Opt. Lett. 28, 783-785 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortisoga-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Techonol. Lett. 12, 807 - 809 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortisoga-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton effects in photonic crystal fiber at 850 nm," Electron. Lett. 36, 53 - 55 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Ortisoga-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 - 1327 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, P. Andrés, J. J Miret, and M. V. Andrés, "Designing the properties of dispersion-flattened photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 9, 687 - 697 (2001). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-687">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-687</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortisoga-Blanch, C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. Martin Man, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148 - 2155 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. K. Furusawa, A. N. Malinowski, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, "A cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Express 9, 714- 720 (2001). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-714">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-714</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Z. Zhu, T. G. Brown, "Multipole analysis of hole-assisted optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 206, 333-339 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. T. Hasegawa, E. Sasaoka, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, Y. Tsuji, and M. Koshiba, "Hole-assisted lightguide fiber for large anomalous dispersion and low optical loss," Opt. Express 9, 681-686 (2001). <a href=" http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-681">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-681</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. D'Orazio, M. De Sario, L. Mescia, V. Petruzzelli, F. Prudenzano, A. Chiasera, M. Montagna, C. Tosello, and M. Ferrari, "Design of Er3+ doped SiO2-TiO2 planar waveguide amplifier," J. Non-Crystalline Solids 322, 278-283 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. F. Prudenzano, "Erbium-doped hole-assisted optical fiber amplifier: design and optimization," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 330-340 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. J. W. Fleming, "Dispersion in GeO2-SiO2 glasses," Appl. Opt. 23, 4486-4493 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, "Absorption and emission cross section of Er3+ doped silica fiber", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004-1010 (1991). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnas, and B. Jaskorzynska, "Concentration dependent upconversion in Er3+ - doped fiber amplifiers: experiments and modelling," IEEE Photon. Techonol. Lett. 3, 996 - 998 (1991). [CrossRef]
  26. P. Myslinsky, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, "Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 112-120 (1997). [CrossRef]
  27. K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka "Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion," Opt. Express 11, 843 - 852 (2003). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-8-843">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-8-843</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic Press, 1999) pp. 140-144.
  29. B. P. Petreski, P. M. Farrell, S. F. Collins, "Optical amplification on the 3P0→3F2 transition in praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate fiber," Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 21-32 (1999). [CrossRef]
  30. E. Desurvire, Erbium doped fiber amplifiers (Wiley-Interscience Inc., 1993) pp. 354-382.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited