OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 26 — Dec. 26, 2005
  • pp: 10539–10551

Chirped arrays of refractive ellipsoidal microlenses for aberration correction under oblique incidence

Jacques Duparré, Frank Wippermann, Peter Dannberg, and Andreas Reimann  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 26, pp. 10539-10551 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.010539


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1607 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Improvements of the resolution homogeneity of an ultra-thin artificial apposition compound eye objective are accomplished by the use of a chirped array of ellipsoidal micro-lenses. The array contains 130×130 individually shaped ellipsoidal lenses for channel-wise correction of astigmastism and field curvature occurring under oblique incidence. We present an analytical approach for designing anamorphic micro-lenses for such purpose based on Gullstrand’s equations and experimentally validate the improvement. Considerations for the design of the photolithographical masks for the micro-lens array fabrication by melting of photoresist cylinders with ellipsoidal basis are presented. Measurements of the optically performance are proceed on first realized artificial compound eye prototypes showing a significant improvement of angular resolution homogeneity over the complete field of view of 64.3°.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.1240) Detectors : Arrays
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(150.0150) Machine vision : Machine vision
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Jacques Duparré, Frank Wippermann, Peter Dannberg, and Andreas Reimann, "Chirped arrays of refractive ellipsoidal microlenses for aberration correction under oblique incidence," Opt. Express 13, 10539-10551 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-26-10539


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, P. Dannberg, T. Scharf, P. Pelli, R. Völkel, H.-P. Herzig, and A. Bräuer, "Artificial compound eyes-different concepts and their application to ultra flat image acquisition sensors," in Proc. of MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems IV, A. El-Fatatry, ed., SPIE 5346, pp. 89-100 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Duparré, P. Dannberg, P. Schreiber, A. Bräuer, P. Nussbaum, F. Heitger, and A. Tünnermann, "Ultra-Thin Camera Based on Artificial Apposition Compound Eyes," in Proc. of 10th Microopt. Conf., W. Karthe, G. D. Khoe, and Y. Kokubun, eds., ISBN: 3-8274-1603-5, p. E-2 (Elsevier, 2004).
  3. J. Duparré, P. Dannberg, P. Schreiber, A. Bräuer, and A. Tünnermann, "Artificial apposition compound eye fabricated by micro-optics technology," Appl. Opt. 43, 4303-4310 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Duparré, P. Dannberg, P. Schreiber, A. Bräuer, and A. Tünnermann, "Thin compound eye camera," Appl. Opt. 44, 2949-2956 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Hessler, M. Rossi, J. Pedersen, M. T. Gale, M. Wegner, and H. J. Tiziani, "Microlens arrays with spatial variation of the optical functions," in Digest of Top. Meet. on Microlens Arrays at NPL, Teddington, M. C. Hutley, ed., EOS 13, pp. 42-47 (1997).
  6. S. Reinhorn, S. Gorodeisky, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Amitai, "Fourier transformation with a planar holographic doublet," Opt. Lett. 20, 495-497 (1995) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Testorf and J. Jahns, "Paraxial theory of planar integrated systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1569-1575 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Sinzinger and J. Jahns, "Integrated micro-optical imaging system with a high interconnection capacity fabricated in planar optics," Appl. Opt. 36, 4729-4735 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. C. Hutley, R. Hunt, R. F. Stevens, and P. Savander, "The moiré magnifier," Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 133-142 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. R. F. Stevens, "Optical inspection of periodic structures using lens arrays and moiré magnification," J. Imaging Sci. 47, 173-179 (1999).
  11. H. Kamal, R. Völkel, and J. Alda, "Properties of moiré magnifiers," Opt. Eng. 37, 3007-3014 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. Z. D. Popovich, R. A. Sprague, and G. A. N. Conell, "Technique for monolithic fabrication of microlens arrays," Appl. Opt. 27, 1281-1284 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Daly, R. F. Stevens, M. C. Hutley, and N. Davies, "The manufacture of microlenses by melting photoresist," J. Meas. Sci. Technol. 1, 759-766 (1990). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Mersereau, C. R. Nijander, W. P. Townsend, R. J. Crisci, A. Y. Feldblum, and D. Daly, "Design, fabrication and testing of refractive microlens arrays," in Digest of Top. Meet. on Microlens Arrays at NPL, Teddington, M. C. Hutley, ed., EOS 2, pp. 60-64 (1993).
  15. L. Erdmann and D. Efferenn, "Technique for monolithic fabrication of silicon microlenses with selectable rim angles," Opt. Eng. 36, 1094-1098 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Schilling, R. Merz, C. Ossmann, and H. P. Herzig, "Surface profiles of reflow microlenses under the influence of surface tension and gravity," Opt. Eng. 39, 2171-2176 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Haselbeck, H. Schreiber, J. Schwider, and N. Streibl, "Microlenses fabricated by melting a photoresist on a base layer," Opt. Eng. 32, 1322-1324 (1993). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Völkel, H. P. Herzig, P. Nussbaum, and R. Dändliker, "Microlens array imaging system for photolithography," Opt. Eng. 35, 3323-3330 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. N. Lindlein, S. Haselbeck, and J. Schwider, "Simplified Theory for Ellipsoidal Melted Microlenses," in Digest of Top. Meet. on Microlens Arrays at NPL, Teddington, M. C. Hutley, ed., EOS 5, pp. 7-10 (1995).
  20. M. Eisner, N. Lindlein, and J. Schwider, "Making diffraction limited refractive microlenses of spherical and elliptical form," in Digest of Top. Meet. on Microlens Arrays at NPL, Teddington, M. C. Hutley, ed., EOS 13, pp. 39-41 (1997).
  21. C. D. Carey, D. P. Godwin, P. C. H. Poon, D. J. Daly, D. R. Selviah, and J. E. Midwinter, "Astigmatism in ellipsoidal and spherical photoresist microlenses used at oblique incidence," in Digest of Top. Meet. on Microlens Arrays at NPL, Teddington, M. C. Hutley, ed., EOS 2, pp. 65-68 (1993).
  22. P. Nussbaum, R. Völkel, H. P. Herzig, M. Eisner, and S. Haselbeck, "Design, fabrication and testing of microlens arrays for sensors and microsystems," Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 617-636 (1997). [CrossRef]
  23. C. Hofmann, Die Optische Abbildung, 1st ed. (Geest & Portig, Leipzig, 1980).
  24. A. Gullstrand, "Beitrag zur Theorie des Astigmatismus," Skand. Arch. Physiol. 2, 269-359 (1889).
  25. L. C. Wittig and E. B. Kley, "Approximation of refractive micro optical profiles by minimal surfaces," in Proc. of Micromachine Technology for Diffractive and Holographic Optics, S. H. Lee and J. A. Cox, eds., SPIE 3879, pp. 32-38 (1999). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, A. Matthes, E. Pshenay-Severin, A. Bräuer, A. Tünnermann, R. Völkel, M. Eisner, and T. Scharf, "Microoptical telescope compound eye," Opt. Express 13, 889-903 (2005). [CrossRef]
  27. F. Wippermann, J. Duparré, P. Schreiber, and P. Dannberg, "Design and fabrication of a chirped array of refractive ellipsoidal micro-lenses for an apposition eye camera objective," in Proc. of Optical Design and Engineering II, L. Mazuray and R. Wartmann, eds., SPIE 5962, (2005). [CrossRef]
  28. P.-F. Rüedi, P. Heim, F. Kaess, E. Grenet, F. Heitger, P.-Y. Burgi, S. Gyger, and P. Nussbaum, "A 128 x 128 Pixel 120-dB Dynamic-Range Vision-Sensor Chip for Image Contrast and Orientation Extraction," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 38, 2325-2333 (2003). [CrossRef]
  29. P. Dannberg, G. Mann, L. Wagner, and A. Bräuer, "Polymer UV-molding for micro-optical systems and O/Eintegration," in Proc. of Micromachining for Micro-Optics, S. H. Lee and E. G. Johnson, eds., SPIE 4179, pp. 137-145 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited