OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 26 — Dec. 26, 2005
  • pp: 10564–10570

Optical characterization of arch-shaped ARROW waveguides with liquid cores

Dongliang Yin, Holger Schmidt, John P. Barber, Evan J. Lunt, and Aaron R. Hawkins  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 26, pp. 10564-10570 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1007 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the characterization of the optical properties of integrated antiresonant reflecting optical (ARROW) waveguides with arch-shaped liquid cores. Optical mode shapes and coupling, waveguide loss, and polarization dependence are investigated. Waveguide loss as low as 0.26/cm with near-single-mode coupling and mode areas as small as 4.5μm2 are demonstrated. A detailed comparison to ARROW waveguides with rectangular cores is presented, and shows that arch-shaped cores are superior for many applications.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Dongliang Yin, Holger Schmidt, John P. Barber, Evan J. Lunt, and Aaron R. Hawkins, "Optical characterization of arch-shaped ARROW waveguides with liquid cores," Opt. Express 13, 10564-10570 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. E. Moerner, and D. P. Fromm, "Methods of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy," Rev. Sci. Inst. 74, 3597 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas: "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Russell, "Holey fiber concept spawns optical-fiber renaissance," Laser Focus World 38, 77 (2002).
  4. G. R. Hadley, J. Fleming, and S. Lin, "Bragg fiber design for linear polarization," Opt. Lett. 29, 809 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, "Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides in SiO2-Si multilayer structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Schmidt, D. Yin, J. P. Barber, and A. R. Hawkins, "Hollow-core waveguides and 2D waveguide arrays for integrated optics of gases and liquids," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 519 (2005 [CrossRef]
  7. D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, D. W. Deamer, and H. Schmidt, "Integrated optical waveguides with liquid cores," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3477 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "Integrated ARROW waveguides with hollow cores," Opt. Express 12, 2710 (2004) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2710">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2710</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "Highly efficient fluorescence detection in picoliter volume liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211111 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Delonge and H. Fouckhardt, "Integrated optical detection cell based on Bragg reflecting waveguides," J. Chromatogr. A 716, 135 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Campopiano , R. Bernini, L. Zeni, P. M Sarro, "Microfluidic sensor based on integrated optical hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett. 29, 1894 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. P. Barber, D. B. Conkey, J. Lee, N. B. Hubbard, L. Howell, H. Schmidt, and A. R. Hawkins, "Fabrication of hollow waveguides with sacrificial aluminum cores," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 363 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. B. A. Peeni, D. B. Conkey, J. P. Barber, R. T. Kelly, M. L. Lee, A. T. Woolley, and A. R. Hawkins, "Planar thin film device for capillary electrophoresis," Lab on a Chip 5, 501 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "Waveguide loss optimization in hollow-core ARROW waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 9331 (2005) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-23-9331">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-23-9331</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited