OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 26 — Dec. 26, 2005
  • pp: 10622–10633

Response dynamics of the frequency comb output from a femtosecond fiber laser

B. R. Washburn, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 26, pp. 10622-10633 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.010622


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (343 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The frequency comb from a mode-locked fiber laser can be stabilized through feedback to the pump power. An understanding of the mechanisms and bandwidth governing this feedback is of practical importance for frequency comb design and of basic interest since it provides insight into the rich nonlinear laser dynamics. We compare experimental measurements of the response of a fiber-laser frequency comb to theory. The laser response to a pump-power change follows that of a simple low-pass filter with a time constant set by the gain relaxation time and the system-dependent nonlinear loss. Five different effects contribute to the magnitude of the response of the frequency comb spacing and offset frequency but the dominant effects are from the resonant contribution to the group velocity and intensity-dependent spectral shifts. The origins of the intensity-dependent spectral shifts are explained in terms of the laser parameters.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Citation
B. R. Washburn, W. C. Swann, and N. R Newbury, "Response dynamics of the frequency comb output from a femtosecond fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 10622-10633 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-26-10622


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phaselocked erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. R. Schibili, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. N. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-904">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-904</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Benkler, H. R. Telle, A. Zach, and F. Tauser, "Circumvention of noise contributions in fiber laser based frequency combs," Opt. Express 13, 5662-5668 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-15-5662.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-15-5662.</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, S. T. C. J. Ye, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hansch, "Direct Link between Microwave and Optical Frequencies with a 300 THz Femtosecond Laser Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. R. Newbury and B. R. Washburn, "Theory of the frequency comb output from a femtosecond fiber laser," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 41, 1388-1402 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, "Noise of mode-locked lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983-996 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. L. Xu, C. Spielmann, A. Poppe, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, "Route to phase control of ultrashort light pulses," Opt. Lett. 21, 2008-2010 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. W. Helbing, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, R. S. Windeler, J. Stenger, and H. R. Telle, "Carrier-envelope offset dynamics of mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 194-196 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. K. W. Holman, R. J. Jones, A. Marian, S. T. Cundiff, and J. Ye, "Intensity-related dynamics of femtosecond frequency combs," Opt. Lett. 28, 851-853 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. A. Haus and E. P. Ippen, "Group velocity of solitons," Opt. Lett. 26, 1654-1656 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H. R. Telle, "Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control," Appl. Phys. B 78, 321-324 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. B. R. Washburn, R. Fox, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, K. Feder, P. S. Westbrook, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Fiber-laser-based frequency comb with a tunable repetition rate," Opt. Express 12, 4999-5004 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4999.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4999.</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-7 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, K. S. Feder, and A. D. Yablon, "Supercontinuum generation in UV irradiated fibers," Opt. Lett. 29, 2363-2365 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, "Control of the frequency comb from a mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Express 10, 1404-1410 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-24-1404.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-24-1404.</a> [PubMed]
  17. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-94 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. J. D. Moores, "On the Ginzburg-Landau laser mode-locking model with fifth-order saturable absorber term," Opt. Commun. 96, 65-70 (1993). [CrossRef]
  19. B. R. Washburn, S. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "A phase locked, fiber laser-based frequency comb: limit on optical linewidth," in Proceedings of Conference on lasers and Electro-optics, (Optical Society of America, 2004)
  20. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers. (Wiley, New York, 1994).
  21. V. S. Grigoryan, T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, and A. N. Pilipetskii, "Disperison-managed soliton dynamics," Opt. Lett. 22, 1609-1611 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. S. M. J. Kelly,"Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton," Electron. Lett. 28, 806-807 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited