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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 26 — Dec. 26, 2005
  • pp: 10642–10651

Ray tracing model for the estimation of power spectral properties in laser Doppler velocimetry of retinal vessels and its potential application to retinal vessel oximetry

Benno L. Petrig and Lysianne Follonier  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 26, pp. 10642-10651 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.010642


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Abstract

A new model based on ray tracing was developed to estimate power spectral properties in laser Doppler velocimetry of retinal vessels and to predict the effects of laser beam size and eccentricity as well as absorption of laser light by oxygenated and reduced hemoglobin. We describe the model and show that it correctly converges to the traditional rectangular shape of the Doppler shift power spectrum, given the same assumptions, and that reduced beam size and eccentric alignment cause marked alterations in this shape. The changes in the detected total power of the Doppler-shifted light due to light scattering and absorption by blood can also be quantified with this model and may be used to determine the oxygen saturation in retinal arteries and veins. The potential of this approach is that it uses direct measurements of Doppler signals originating from moving red blood cells. This may open new avenues for retinal vessel oximetry.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.1460) Medical optics and biotechnology : Blood gas monitoring
(170.3340) Medical optics and biotechnology : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(170.4470) Medical optics and biotechnology : Ophthalmology

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Benno L. Petrig and Lysianne Follonier, "Ray tracing model for the estimation of power spectral properties in laser Doppler velocimetry of retinal vessels and its potential application to retinal vessel oximetry," Opt. Express 13, 10642-10651 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-26-10642


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References

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