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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 3 — Feb. 7, 2005
  • pp: 801–820

Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper

Paul E. Barclay, Kartik Srinivasan, and Oskar Painter  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 3, pp. 801-820 (2005)

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A technique is demonstrated which efficiently transfers light between a tapered standard single-mode optical fiber and a high-Q, ultra-small mode volume, silicon photonic crystal resonant cavity. Cavity mode quality factors of 4.7×104 are measured, and a total fiber-to-cavity coupling efficiency of 44% is demonstrated. Using this efficient cavity input and output channel, the steady-state nonlinear absorption and dispersion of the photonic crystal cavity is studied. Optical bistability is observed for fiber input powers as low as 250 µW, corresponding to a dropped power of 100 µW and 3 fJ of stored cavity energy. A high-density effective free-carrier lifetime for these silicon photonic crystal resonators of ~0.5 ns is also estimated from power dependent loss and dispersion measurements.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: December 1, 2004
Revised Manuscript: January 13, 2005
Published: February 7, 2005

Paul Barclay, Kartik Srinivasan, and Oskar Painter, "Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper," Opt. Express 13, 801-820 (2005)

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