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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 3 — Feb. 7, 2005
  • pp: 918–925

Equilateral hyperbolic moiré zone plates with variable focus obtained by rotations

Zbigniew Jaroszewicz, Andrzej Kołodziejczyk, Alejandro Mira, Rodrigo Henao, and Salvador Bará  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 3, pp. 918-925 (2005)

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We present equilateral hyperbolic zone plates with variable focal length, which are formed as moiré patterns by a mutual rotation of two identical basic grids. Among others, all principal zone plates, except of the spherical one, can be used as these basic transmittances. Three most important advantages of the proposed moiré zone plates are: a constant aperture of the created element during the mutual movement of basic grids, lack of aberrations due to their undesired mutual lateral displacements and high diffraction efficiency of the binary phase version. To obtain clearer moiré fringe pattern, a radial carrier frequency can be added additionally to the transmittances of basic grids. The destructive interference between both arms of the focal cross of the equilateral hyperbolic moiré zone plate can be obtained by a constant phase shift introduced in the transmittances of the basic grids. Potential applications of discussed elements are indicated, including the most promising one in the three-point alignment technique.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(120.4120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Moire' techniques
(220.1140) Optical design and fabrication : Alignment

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: November 15, 2004
Revised Manuscript: January 28, 2005
Published: February 7, 2005

Zbigniew Jaroszewicz, Andrzej Kołodziejczyk, Alejandro Mira, Rodrigo Henao, and Salvador Bará, "Equilateral hyperbolic moiré zone plates with variable focus obtained by rotations," Opt. Express 13, 918-925 (2005)

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