OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 4 — Feb. 21, 2005
  • pp: 1193–1201

Light transmission in multiple or single subwavelength trefoil channels of microstructured fibers

J.M. Moison, A.M. Apetrei, J.A. Levenson, G. Mélin, Ph. Pédeboscq, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 4, pp. 1193-1201 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.001193


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (202 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We evaluate the trefoil channels present between the holes of microstructured fibers as a potential dense array of small waveguides. In channels with an inner radius of 330nm, calculations indicate possible propagation with a mode waist of ~350nm at λ=670nm, near to the diffraction limit. Actual measurements have been performed on a 1-meter fiber section, with injection by a microlensed fiber and mapping of output by near-field scanning optical microscopy. They show that light can be output in individual channels or in several of them, depending on the injection. The observed waist is ~500nm, possibly due to experimental widening. Estimated propagation losses are <20dB/m. Since each channel occupies only 2µm2, this structure opens a way to dense parallel optical processing.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: January 6, 2005
Revised Manuscript: January 4, 2005
Published: February 21, 2005

Citation
J. M. Moison, A. M. Apetrei, J. A. Levenson, G. Melin, Ph. Pedeboseq, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, "Light transmission in multiple or single subwavelength trefoil channels of microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 13, 1193-1201 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1193


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Knight, J. Broeng, T. Birks, and P. Russell, "Photonic band guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476- 1478 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A.M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement on nonlinear optical processes," Optics & Spectroscopy 95, 410-415 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. M.A. Foster, K.D. Moll, and A.L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004). <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2880">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-13-2880</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Tong, R.R. Gattass, J.B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004) <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1025">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1025</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y.K. Lizé, E.C. Mägi, V.G. Ta'eed, J.A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, and B.J. Eggleton " Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Express 12, 3209-3217 (2004). <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M.A. Foster and A.L. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3137-3143 (2004). <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3137</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Meier, G.I. Stegeman, Y. Silverberg, R. Morandotti, and J.S. Aitchison, "Nonlinear optical beam interactions in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093903 1-4 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. A.W. Snyder, "Coupled-mode theory for optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1267-1270 (1972). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Hu, C. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A.M. Zheltikov, "Multiplex frequency conversion of unamplified 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser pulses by an array of waveguiding wires in a random-hole microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 6129-6134 (2004). <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-25-6129">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-25-6129</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M.A. van Eijkelenborg, "Imaging with microstructured polymer fibre" Opt. Express 12,342-346 (2004). <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-342">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-342 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J.M. Moison, A. Apetrei, J. Levenson, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, E. Bourov, and L. Gasca, "Evaluation of a highly nonlinear microstructured optical fiber by near-field scanning optical microscopy and simulations: nonlinear coefficient and coupling losses" Appl. Phys. B 80, 73-76 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. J.M. Moison and A.C. Boccara are preparing a manuscript to be called "Semi-quantitative approach to NSOM resolution and sensitivity for the analysis of near-infrared waveguide devices".
  16. R. Morandotti, H.S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, M. Sorel, and J.S. Aitchison, "Self-focusing and defocusing in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3296-3299 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D.N. Christodoulides and R.I. Joseph, "Discrete self-focusing in nonlinear arrays of coupled waveguides," Opt. Lett. 13, 794-796 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E.J. Bochove, P.K. Cheo, and G.G. King, "Self-organization in a multicore fiber laser array" Opt. Lett. 28, 1200-1202 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K.K. Lee, D.R. Lim, H.C. Luan, A. Agarwal, J. Foresi, and L.C. Kimerling, "Effect of size and roughness on light transmission in a Si/SiO2 waveguide: experiments and model" Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1617-1619 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited