OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 4 — Feb. 21, 2005
  • pp: 1221–1227

Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 µm

Akira Shirakawa, Jun Ota, Mitsuru Musha, Ken’ichi Nakagawa, Ken-ichi Ueda, Jacob Riis Folkenberg, and Jes Broeng  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 4, pp. 1221-1227 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (815 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a high-energy femtosecond fiber amplifier based on an air-cladded single-transverse-mode erbium-ytterbium-codoped photonic-crystal fiber with a 26-µm mode-field-diameter. 700-fs, 47-MHz pulses at 1557 nm were amplified and compressed to near-transform-limited 100-fs, 7.4-nJ pulses with 54-kW peak powers without chirped-pulse amplification. A linearly polarized output with an extinction ratio exceeding 42 dB was obtained by double-pass configuration. As an application, supercontinuum spanning from 1000 to 2500 nm was generated by a successive 2-m high-nonlinear fiber with a 140-mW average power.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: January 7, 2005
Revised Manuscript: January 5, 2005
Published: February 21, 2005

Akira Shirakawa, Jun Ota, Mitsuru Musha, Ken’ichi Nakagawa, Ken-ichi Ueda, Jacob Riis Folkenberg, and Jes Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 µm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 52-54 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskaus, D. Harter, and R. S. Windeler, “High-power 100-fs pulse generation by frequency doubling of an erbium-ytterbium-fiber master oscillator power amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1840-1842 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, “Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 25, 442-444 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504-517 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.-P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347-1348 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. N. A. Mortensen, M. D. Nielsen, J. R. Folkenberg, A. Petersson, and H. R. Simonsen, “Improved largemode-area endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 28, 393-395 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, W. H. Reeves, and P. St. J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452-1453 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding,” Opt. Exp. 9, 714-720 (2001), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-714">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-714</a> [CrossRef]
  10. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jacobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, Ch. Jacobsen, H. Simonsen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Extended large-mode-area single-mode microstructured fiber laser,” Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2004, San Francisco, 2004, paper CMS6.
  12. J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jacobsen, “Low-nonlinearlity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313-1319 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, “83-W single-frequency narrow-linewidth MOPA using large-core erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 1825-1827 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. M. D. Nielsen, J. R. Folkenberg, and N. A. Mortensen, “Singlemode photonic crystal fibre with effective area of 600 m2 and low bending loss,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1802-1803 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. D. J. Richardson, V. V. Afanasjev, A. B. Grudinin, and D. N. Payne, “Amplification of femtosecond pulses in a passive, all-fiber soliton source,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1596-1598 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics 2nd Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1995), Chap. 5.
  18. M. D. Nielsen, C. Jacobsen, N. A. Mortensen, J. R. Folkenberg, and H. R. Simonsen, “Low-loss photonic crystal fibers for transmission systems and their dispersion properties,” Opt. Express 12, 1372-1376 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?"URI=OPEX-12-7-1372">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?"URI=OPEX-12-7-1372</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Takayanagi, N. Nishizawa, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, and T. Goto, “Generation of high-power femtosecond pulse and octave-spanning ultrabroad supercontinuum using all-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 37-39 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, “All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 2832-2837 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832.</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 3332-3337 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3332">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3332</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Imeshev, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “An optimized Er gain band all-fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 12, 6508-6514 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-26-6508">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-26-6508</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. R. Folkenberg, M. D. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, C. Jakobsen, and H. R. Simonsen, “Polarization maintaining large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 956-960 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-956">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-956</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Widely-broadened super continuum generation using highly nonlinear dispersion shifted fibers and femtosecond fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365-L367 (2001). [CrossRef]
  26. H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited