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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 5 — Mar. 7, 2005
  • pp: 1424–1447

Description of light propagation through a circular aperture using nonparaxial vector diffraction theory

Shekhar Guha and Glen D. Gillen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 5, pp. 1424-1447 (2005)

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Using nonparaxial vector diffraction theory derived using the Hertz vector formalism, integral expressions for the electric and magnetic field components of light within and beyond an apertured plane are obtained for an incident plane wave. For linearly polarized light incident on a circular aperture, the integrals for the field components and for the Poynting vector are numerically evaluated. By further two-dimensional integration of a Poynting vector component, the total transmission of a circular aperture is determined as a function of the aperture radius to wavelength ratio. The validity of using Kirchhoff boundary conditions in the aperture plane is also examined in detail.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: January 5, 2005
Revised Manuscript: February 18, 2005
Published: March 7, 2005

Shekhar Guha and Glen Gillen, "Description of light propagation through a circular aperture using nonparaxial vector diffraction theory," Opt. Express 13, 1424-1447 (2005)

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