OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 7 — Apr. 4, 2005
  • pp: 2453–2458

Diode laser-based photoacoustic spectroscopy with interferometrically-enhanced cantilever detection

Toni Laurila, Heidi Cattaneo, Vesa Koskinen, Jyrki Kauppinen, and Rolf Hernberg  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 7, pp. 2453-2458 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (284 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A novel sensitive approach to detect weak pressure variations has been applied to tunable diode laser-based photoacoustic spectroscopy. The sensing device consists of a miniature silicon cantilever, the deflection of which is detected with a compact Michelson-type interferometer. The photoacoustic system has been applied to the detection of carbon dioxide (CO2) at 1572 nm with a distributed feedback diode laser. A noise equivalent sensitivity of 2.8×10-10 cm-1WHz-1/2 was demonstrated. Potential improvements of the technique are discussed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.6430) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, photothermal

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: February 17, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 18, 2005
Published: April 4, 2005

Toni Laurila, Heidi Cattaneo, Vesa Koskinen, Jyrki Kauppinen, and Rolf Hernberg, "Diode laser-based photoacoustic spectroscopy with interferometrically-enhanced cantilever detection," Opt. Express 13, 2453-2458 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Fehér, Y. Jiang, J.P. Maier, and A. Miklos, �??Optoacoustic trace-gas monitoring with near-infrared diode lasers,�?? Appl. Opt. 33, 1655-1658 (1994) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Schmohl, A. Miklós, and P. Hess, �??Detection of ammonia by photoacoustic spectroscopy with semiconductor lasers,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 1819-1823 (2002) [CrossRef]
  3. M. E. Webber, M. Pushkarsky, C. Kumar, and N. Patel, �??Fiber-amplifier-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy with near-infrared tunable diode lasers,�?? Appl. Opt. 42, 2119-2126 (2003) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Boschetti, D. Bassi, E. Iacob, S. Iannotta, L. Ricci, and M. Scotoni, �??Resonant photoacoustic simultaneous detection of methane and ethylene by means of a 1.63 μm diode laser,�?? Appl. Phys. B 74, 273-278 (2002) [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nägele, and M.W. Sigrist, �??Mobile laser spectrometer with novel resonant multipass photoacoustic cell for trace gas sensing,�?? Appl. Phys. B 70, 895-901 (2000) [CrossRef]
  6. F.G.C. Bijnen, J. Reuss, and F.J.M. Harren, �??Geometrical optimization of a longitudinal resonant photoacoustic cell for sensitive and fast trace gas detection,�?? Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2914-2923 (1996) [CrossRef]
  7. A. A. Kosterev, Yu. A. Bakhirkin, R. F. Curl, and F.K. Tittel, �??Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1902-1904 (2002) [CrossRef]
  8. K. Wilcken, and J. Kauppinen, �??Optimization of a microphone for photoacoustic spectroscopy,�?? Appl. Spectrosc. 57, 1087-1092 (2003) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. A. Kosterev, and F. K. Tittel, �??Ammonia detection by use of quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy with a near-IR telecommunication diode laser,�?? Appl. Opt. 43, 6213-6217 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, �??High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,�?? Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004) [CrossRef]
  11. L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Cjance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, �??The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,�?? J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. A. D. Wood, M. Camac, E. T. Gerry, �??Effects of 10.6-μ laser induced air chemistry on the atmospheric refractive index,�?? Appl. Opt. 10, 1877-1884 (1971) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Veres, Z. Bozóki, �?. Mohácsi, M. Szakáll, G. Szabo, �??External cavity diode laser based photoacoustic detection of CO2 at 1.43 μm: The effect of molecular relaxation,�?? Appl. Spectrosc. 57, 900-905 (2003) [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited