OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 7 — Apr. 4, 2005
  • pp: 2605–2610

Photosensitivity of germanosilicate fibers using 213nm, picosecond Nd:YAG radiation

Stavros Pissadakis and Maria Konstantaki  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 7, pp. 2605-2610 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (101 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The photosensitivity of Ge-doped silica fiber using 213nm, 150ps Nd:YAG radiation, is presented here for first time. Refractive index changes greater than 10-3 were measured in Bragg grating reflectors recorded in a low-Ge content fiber, using average intensities of ≈0.35GW/cm2. Grating growth curves for 213nm inscription wavelength are presented and discussed, in comparison with data obtained using 248nm excimer laser radiation. The experimental results presented denote that contrary to the recording using longer laser wavelengths and pulse durations, the grating inscription employing 213nm picosecond radiation is dominated by a two-photon absorption, which role becomes prominent in long-exposures.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2290) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber materials
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(160.6030) Materials : Silica
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: February 28, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2005
Published: April 4, 2005

Stavros Pissadakis and Maria Konstantaki, "Photosensitivity of germanosilicate fibers using 213nm, picosecond Nd:YAG radiation," Opt. Express 13, 2605-2610 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M.Douay, W.X.Xie, T.Taunay, P.Bernage, P.Niay, P.Cordier, B.Poumellec, L.Dong, J.F.Bayron, H.Poignant, E.Delevaque, �??Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibers,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329-1342 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. J.Albert, B.Malo, K.O.Hill, F.Bilodeau, D.C.Johnson, S.Theriault, �??Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529-3531 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. K.P.Chen, P.R.Herman, J.Zhang, R.Tam, �??Fabrication of strong long-period gratings in hydrogen-free fibers wth 157-nm F2 laser radiation,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 771-773 (2001) [CrossRef]
  4. S.J.Michailov, C.W.Smelser, D.Grobnic, R.B.Walker, P.Lu, H.Ding, J.Unruh, �??Bragg gratings written in all-SiO2 and Ge-doped core fibers with 800nm femtosecond radiation and a phase mask,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 94-100 (2004) [CrossRef]
  5. S.Pissadakis, L.Reekie, �??An elliptical Talbot interferometer for fiber Bragg grating fabrication,�?? Rev. Sci. Instr. (submitted)
  6. For more details on GF1B fiber specifications see Nufern website: <a href= "http://www.nufern.com">http://www.nufern.com</a>.
  7. T. Erdogan, �??Fiber grating spectra,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (2004) [CrossRef]
  8. S.Pissadakis, M.N.Zervas, L.Reekie, J.S.Wilkinson, �??UV interferometric ablation and structural modification for the fabrication of sub-micron scale periodic structures in hard optical materials,�?? in Proceedings of International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Wroclaw, 2004), pp. 313-318
  9. H.J.Deyerl, N.Plougmann, J.B.Jensen, F.Floreani, H.R.Sorensen, M.Kristensen, �??Fabrication of advanced Bragg gratings with complex apodization profiles by use of the polarization control method,�?? Appl. Opt. 43, 3513-3522 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R.E.Schenker, W.G.Oldham, �??Ultraviolet-induced densification in fused silica,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1065-1071 (1997) [CrossRef]
  11. D.C.Allan, C.Smith, N.F.Borrelli, T.P.Seward III, �??193-nm excimer-laser-induced densification of fused silica,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1960-1962 (1996) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N.F.Borrelli, D.C.Allan, R.A.Modavis, �??Direct measurement of 248- and 193-nm excimer-induced densification in silica germania waveguide blanks,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1672-1679 (1999) [CrossRef]
  13. J.-L.Archambault, �??Photorefractive gratings in optical fibres,�?? PhD thesis, University of Southampton (1994)
  14. S.A.Slattery, D.N.Nikogosyan, �??Two-photon absorption at 211 nm in fused silica, crystalline quartz and some alkali halides,�?? Opt. Commun. 228, 127-131 (2003) [CrossRef]
  15. A.Dragomir, J.G.McInerney, D.N.Nikogosyan, P.G.Kazansky, �??Two-photon absorption properties of commercial fused silica and germanosilicate glass at 264nm,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114-1116 (2002) [CrossRef]
  16. J.Albert, K.O.Hill, D.C.Johnson, F.Bilodeau, S.J.Mihailov, N.F.Borrelli, J.Amin, �??Bragg gratings in defect-free germanium-doped optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 1266-1268 (1999) [CrossRef]
  17. M.Fujimaki, T.Watanabe, T.Katoh, T.Kasahara, N.Miyazaki, Y.Ohki, H.Nishikawa �??Structures and generation mechanisms of paramagnetic centers and absorption bands responsible for Ge-doped SiO2 optical-fiber gratings,�?? Phys. Rev. B 57, 3920-3926 (1998) [CrossRef]
  18. H.Hosono, H.Kawazoe, J.Nishii, �??Defect formation in SiO2:GeO2 glasses studied by irradiation with excimer laser light,�?? Phys. Rev. B 53, R11921-R11923 (1996) [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited