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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 8 — Apr. 18, 2005
  • pp: 2814–2827

Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics

Ahmed Sharkawy, David Pustai, Shouyuan Shi, Dennis W. Prather, Sterling McBride, and Peter Zanzucchi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 8, pp. 2814-2827 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.002814


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Abstract

We present a technique for manipulating the dispersive properties of low index periodic structures using microfluidic materials that fill the lattice with various fluids of different refractive indices. In order to quantify the modulation of the optical properties of the periodic structure we use Equi-frequency contours (EFC) data to calculate the frequency dependant refractive index and the refractive angle. We further introduce various types of defects by selectively filling specific lattice sites and measuring the relative change in the index of refraction. Finally we design and optically characterize an adaptive low index photonic crystal based lens with tunable optical properties using various microfluidics. We also present experimental results for a silicon based PhC lens used an optical coupling element.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits
(350.4600) Other areas of optics : Optical engineering

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: February 28, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 25, 2005
Published: April 18, 2005

Citation
Ahmed Sharkawy, David Pustai, Shouyuan Shi, Dennis Prather, Sterling McBride, and Peter Zanzucchi, "Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics," Opt. Express 13, 2814-2827 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-8-2814


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References

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