OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 8 — Apr. 18, 2005
  • pp: 2814–2827

Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics

Ahmed Sharkawy, David Pustai, Shouyuan Shi, Dennis W. Prather, Sterling McBride, and Peter Zanzucchi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 8, pp. 2814-2827 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3586 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a technique for manipulating the dispersive properties of low index periodic structures using microfluidic materials that fill the lattice with various fluids of different refractive indices. In order to quantify the modulation of the optical properties of the periodic structure we use Equi-frequency contours (EFC) data to calculate the frequency dependant refractive index and the refractive angle. We further introduce various types of defects by selectively filling specific lattice sites and measuring the relative change in the index of refraction. Finally we design and optically characterize an adaptive low index photonic crystal based lens with tunable optical properties using various microfluidics. We also present experimental results for a silicon based PhC lens used an optical coupling element.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits
(350.4600) Other areas of optics : Optical engineering

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: February 28, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 25, 2005
Published: April 18, 2005

Ahmed Sharkawy, David Pustai, Shouyuan Shi, Dennis Prather, Sterling McBride, and Peter Zanzucchi, "Modulating dispersion properties of low index photonic crystal structures using microfluidics," Opt. Express 13, 2814-2827 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. Sondergaard, A. Bjarklev, J. Arentoft, M. Kristensen, J. Erland, J. Broeng, and S. E. B. Libori, "Designing finite-height photonic crystal waveguides: confinement of light and dispersion relations," Opt. Commun. 194. 341-351, (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, Photonic Crystals: The road from Theory to Practice. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, (2002).
  3. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Microcavities in Photonic Crystals: Mode Symmetry, Tunability, and Coupling Efficiency," Phys. Rev. B 54. 7837-7842, (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Sharkawy, S. Shi, and D. W. Prather, "Multichannel Wavelength Division Multiplexing Using Photonic Crystals," Appl. Opt. 40. 2247-2252, (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. H. A. Haus, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Channel drop filters in photonic crystals," Opt. Express 3, 4-11 (1998) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-3-1-4">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-3-1-4</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Sharkawy, S. Shouyuan, D. W. Prather, and R. A. Soref, "Electro-optical switching using coupled photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 10, 1048-1059 (2002) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-20-1048">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-20-1048</a>. [PubMed]
  7. D. M. Pustai, A. Sharkawy, S. Y. Shi, G. Jin, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "Characterization and analysis of photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Journal of Microlithography Microfabrication and Microsystems 2. 292-299, (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, AkihisaTomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami,"Superprism Phenomena in Photnic Crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58. R10096-R10099, (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Self-collimating phenomena in photonic crystals," App. Phys. Lett. 74. 1212-1214, (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Y. Shi, A. Sharkawy, C. H. Chen, D. M. Pustai, and D. W. Prather, "Dispersion-based beam splitter in photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 29. 617-619, (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. W. Prather, S. Shi, D. Pustai, C. Chen, S. Venkataraman, A. Sharkawy, G. J. Scheider, and J. Murakowski, "Dispersion-based optical routing in photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 29. 50-52, (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Halevi, "Photonic Crystal optics and Homogenization of 2D periodic Composites," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82. 719-722, (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. H. C. Nguyen, P. Domachuk, M. J. Steel, and B. J. Eggleton, "Experimental and finite difference time domain technique characterization of transverse in-line photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 16. 1852-1854, (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, and A. Yariv, "Fabrication of functional microstructured optical fibers through a selective-filling technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85. 5182-5184, (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited