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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 8 — Apr. 18, 2005
  • pp: 2869–2880

Finite-difference time-domain simulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser

Mitsuru Yokoyama and Susumu Noda  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 8, pp. 2869-2880 (2005)

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Using the three-dimensional (3D) finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, we have investigated in detail the optical properties of a two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystal (PC) surface-emitting laser having a square-lattice structure. In this study we perform the 3D-FDTD calculation for the structure of an actual fabricated device. The device is based on band-edge resonance, and four band edges are present at the corresponding band edge point. For these band edges, we calculate the quality (Q) factor. The results show that the Q factor of a resonant mode labeled A1 is larger than that of other resonant modes; that is, lasing occurs easily in mode A1. The device can thus achieve single-mode lasing oscillation. To increase the Q factor, we also consider the optimization of device parameters. The results provide important guidelines for device fabrication.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: November 4, 2004
Revised Manuscript: March 27, 2005
Published: April 18, 2005

Mitsuru Yokoyama and Susumu Noda, "Finite-difference time-domain simulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal surface-emitting laser," Opt. Express 13, 2869-2880 (2005)

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