OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 8 — Apr. 18, 2005
  • pp: 2969–2976

Novel method for carrier-envelope-phase stabilization of femtosecond laser pulses

Yong Soo Lee, Jae Hee Sung, Chang Hee Nam, Tae Jun Yu, and Kyung-Han Hong  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 8, pp. 2969-2976 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (336 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of femtosecond pulses from a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser is stabilized using a novel method operating in the time domain. This is a direct and relatively simple method for stabilizing the CEP of femtosecond laser pulses, compared to the conventional method based on phase-locked loop. Using this method, we have directly locked the pulse-to-pulse CEP slip to zero with an in-loop phase jitter of 0.05 rad. Out-of-loop measurement has revealed a comparable phase jitter of 0.1 rad, verifying a good performance of this locking technique. The capability of electrical CEP modulation is also demonstrated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: March 11, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 31, 2005
Published: April 18, 2005

Yong Soo Lee, Jae Sung, Chang Nam, Tae Yu, and Kyung-Han Hong, "Novel method for carrier-envelope-phase stabilization of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 13, 2969-2976 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, �??Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 411-413 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, �??Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 631-633 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, �??Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, �??Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 1562 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, �??Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,�?? Nature (London) 414, 182-184 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam , �??Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,�?? Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, �??Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,�?? Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. Armelle de Bohan, Philippe Antoine, Dejan B. Miloševi�?, and Bernard Piraux, �??Phase-Dependent Harmonic Emission with Ultrashort Laser Pulses,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1837 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, �??Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,�?? Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, �??Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,�?? Opt. Commun. 172, 59-68 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S.Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, �??Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,�?? Science 288, 635-639 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Masayuki Kakehata, Hideyuki Takada, Yohei Kobayashi, and Kenji Torizuka, �??Carrier-envelope-phase stabilized chirped-pulse amplification system scalable to higher pulse energies,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2070-2080 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2070">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2070</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Kyung-Han Hong, Tae Jun Yu, Yong Soo Lee, Chang Hee Nam, and Robert S. Windeler, �??Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses,�?? J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).
  14. L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, A. Poppe, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, �??Route to phase control of ultrashort light pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 2008-2010 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Jinendra K. Ranka, Robert S. Windeler, and Andrew J. Stentz, �??Visible continuum generation in air.silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. G.G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H.Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, �??Measurement of the Phase of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, �??Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Tara. M. Fortier, David. J. Jones, Jun. Ye, and Steve T. Cundiff, �??Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1436-1438 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, Ch. Spilmann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, �??Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,�?? Appl. Phys. B 72, 373-376 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, �??Compression of Amplified Chirped Optical Pulses,�?? Opt. Commun. 56, 219- 221 (1985). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited