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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 8 — Apr. 18, 2005
  • pp: 3150–3165

Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films

Shih-Hui Chang, Stephen K. Gray, and George C. Schatz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 8, pp. 3150-3165 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.003150


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Abstract

Extensive 3-D finite-difference time-domain simulations are carried out to elucidate the nature of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and localized surface plasmon polaritons (LSPs) generated by nanoscale holes in thin metallic films interacting with light. Both isolated nanoholes and square arrays of nanoholes in gold films are considered. For isolated nanoholes, we expand on an earlier discussion of Yin et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467–469 (2004)] on the origins of fringe patterns in the film and the role of near-field scanning optical microscope probe interactions. The associated light transmission of a single nanohole is enhanced when a LSP excitation of the nanohole itself is excited. Periodic arrays of nanoholes exhibit more complex behavior, with light transmission peaks exhibiting distinct minima and maxima that can be very well described with Fano lineshape models. This behavior is correlated with the coupling of SPP Bloch waves and more directly transmitted waves through the holes.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(240.0310) Optics at surfaces : Thin films
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(260.3910) Physical optics : Metal optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: January 26, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 17, 2005
Published: April 18, 2005

Citation
Shih-Hui Chang, Stephen Gray, and George Schatz, "Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films," Opt. Express 13, 3150-3165 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-8-3150


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