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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 1 — Jan. 9, 2006
  • pp: 243–247

Three-photon-excited upconversion luminescence of Ce3+: YAP crystal by femtosecond laser irradiation

Luyun Yang, Yongjun Dong, Danping Chen, Chen Wang, Xiao Hu, Ning Da, Guangjun Zhao, Jun Xu, Xiongwei Jiang, Congshan Zhu, and Jianrong Qiu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 243-247 (2006)

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Infrared to ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence was demonstrated in trivalent cerium doped YAlO3 crystal (Ce3+: YAP) under focused infrared femtosecond laser irradiation. The fluorescence spectra show that the upconverted luminescence comes from the 5d-4f transitions of trivalent cerium ions. The dependence of luminescence intensity of trivalent cerium on infrared pumping power reveals that the conversion of infrared radiation is dominated by three-photon excitation process. It is suggested that the simultaneous absorption of three infrared photons pumps the Ce3+ ion into upper 5d level, which quickly nonradiatively relax to lowest 5d level. Thereafter, the ions radiatively return to the ground states, leading to the characteristic emission of Ce3+.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Luyun Yang, Yongjun Dong, Danping Chen, Chen Wang, Xiao Hu, Ning Da, Guangjun Zhao, Jun Xu, Xiongwei Jiang, Congshan Zhu, and Jianrong Qiu, "Three-photon-excited upconversion luminescence of Ce3+: YAP crystal by femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 14, 243-247 (2006)

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Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

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