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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 2006
  • pp: 4221–4236

Polarization-resolved spatial characterization of birefringent Fiber Bragg Gratings

Ole Henrik Waagaard  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 10, pp. 4221-4236 (2006)

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A method that enables polarization-resolved spatial characterization of fiber Bragg gratings is presented. The polarization-resolved reflection spectrum of the grating is measured using optical-frequency domain reflectometry. A polarization-resolved layer-peeling algorithm is used to compute the spatial profile, including the local birefringence and the local polarization-dependent index modulation. A strain-tuned distributed feedback fiber laser is used as source. With closed-loop control of the laser sweep, 0.14 % maximum deviation from constant sweep rate is achieved, which is much better than commercial available tunable lasers. The polarization of the source is modulated synchronous with the laser sweep by passing the light through a three-armed Mach-Zehnder-type interferometer having different retardation. The method is used to investigate the polarization-dependence of the index modulation amplitude of a fiber Bragg grating.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: March 9, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 27, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 2006
Published: May 15, 2006

Ole H. Waagaard, "Polarization-resolved spatial characterization of birefringent Fiber Bragg Gratings," Opt. Express 14, 4221-4236 (2006)

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