OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 11 — May. 29, 2006
  • pp: 4650–4655

WDM burst mode signal amplification by cascaded EDFAs with transient control

Toru Yoshikawa, Kazuro Okamura, Eisuke Otani, Takeo Okaniwa, Tatsuji Uchino, Masaru Fukushima, and Nobuyuki Kagi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 11, pp. 4650-4655 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.004650


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (488 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate that WDM burst signals are amplified with suppressed gain transients in cascaded erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) with fast electrical feedback control. In a recirculating loop experiment, the gain excursion is suppressed to 5.1 dBp-p after 45 EDFAs while the excursion is 28 dBp-p after 5 EDFAs without the gain control. Spectral hole burning is a main limiting factor for the transient suppression. The effect of the gain control is also verified in a transmission experiment at 10 Gb/s.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: April 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 23, 2006
Published: May 29, 2006

Citation
Toru Yoshikawa, Kazuro Okamura, Eisuke Otani, Takeo Okaniwa, Tatsuji Uchino, Masaru Fukushima, and Nobuyuki Kagi, "WDM burst mode signal amplification by cascaded EDFAs with transient control," Opt. Express 14, 4650-4655 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-11-4650


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Yoo, M. Jeong, and C. Qiao, "A high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks," SPIE’s All-Optical Communication Systems: Architecture, Control and Network Issues,  3230, 79-90, (1997).
  2. J. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Networks 8, 3-16, (1999).
  3. A. Bononi, L. A. Rusch, "Doped-fiber amplifier dynamics: a system perspective," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 945-956, (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Tancevski, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, "Output power and SNR swings in cascades of EDFA’s for circuit- and packet-switched optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 733-742, (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Karasek, A. Bononi, L. A. Rusch, and M. Menif, "Gain stabilization in gain clamped EDFA cascades fed by WDM burst-mode packet traffic," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 308-313, (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Karasek, M. Menif, and L. A. Rusch, "Output power excursions in a cascade of EDFAs fed by multichannel burst-mode packet traffic: experimentation and modeling," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 933-940, (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Shiozaki, M. Fuse, and S. Morikura, "A study of gain dynamics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for burst optical signals," in ECOC 2002, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2002, Paper P4.02.
  8. A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, "EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228, (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Tian, and S. Kinoshita, "Analysis and control of transient dynamics of EDFA pumped by 1480- and 980-nm lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1728-1733, (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Tian, and S. Kinoshita, "Elimination of power and OSNR swings of EDFA in the amplification of burst WDM traffic," in Technical Digest of 9th OptoElectronics and Communication Conference / 3rd International Conference on Optical Internet (2004), pp. 500-501.
  11. K. Okamura, E. Otani, T. Yoshikawa, T. Uchino, M. Fukushima, and N. Kagi, "Optical burst amplification using EDFA with fast feedback control," in Technical Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2005), Paper OTuN2.
  12. E. Otani, T. Okaniwa, K. Okamura, T. Yoshikawa, T. Uchino, M. Fukushima, and N. Kagi, "Optical burst amplification using EDFA with a fast feedback control for WDM Network," in Proceedings of The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society, (2005), Paper TuO3.
  13. J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, C. Wolf, Y. Sun, and J. L. Zyskind, "Spectral-hole burning in erbium-doped silica and fluoride fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1578-1579, (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. E. Rudkevich, D. M. Baney, J. Stimple, D. Derickson, and G. Wang, "Nonresonant spectral hole-burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 542-544, (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited