OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 4946–4957

Control of the collapse distance in atmospheric propagation

Gadi Fibich, Yonatan Sivan, Yosi Ehrlich, Einat Louzon, Moshe Fraenkel, Shmuel Eisenmann, Yiftach Katzir, and Arie Zigler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 4946-4957 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (154 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We show experimentally for ultrashort laser pulses propagating in air, that the collapse/filamentation distance of intense laser pulses in the atmosphere can be extended and controlled with a simple double-lens setup. We derive a simple formula for the filamentation distance, and confirm its agreement with the experimental results. We also observe that delaying the onset of filamentation increases the filament length.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: March 27, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 25, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 29, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

Gadi Fibich, Yonatan Sivan, Yosi Ehrlich, Einat Louzon, Moshe Fraenkel, Shmuel Eisenmann, Yiftach Katzir, and Arie Zigler, "Control of the collapse distance in atmospheric propagation," Opt. Express 14, 4946-4957 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronnenberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, "Femtosecond atmospheric lamp," Laser und Optoelektronik 29,51-53 (1997).
  2. P. Sprangle, J.R . Peñano and B . Hafizi, "Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere," Phys. Rev. E 66,046418, 2002. [CrossRef]
  3. G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, Y. Erlich, M. Fraenkel, Z. Henis, A.L. Gaeta, and A. Zigler, "Self-focusing distance of very high power laser pulses," Opt. Express 13,5897-5903 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A.L. Gaeta, "Collapsing light really shines," Science 301,54-55 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Kasparian,M . Rodriguez, G .Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L . Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Couairon. "Light bullets from femtosecond filamentation," Eur. Phys. J. D. 27,159-167 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Breakup and Fusion of Self- Guided Femtosecond Light Pulses in Air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86,5470-5473 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Jin, J. Zhang, M.H. Xu, X. Lu, Y.T. Li, Z.H. Wang, Z.Y. Wei, X.H. Yuan, and W. Yu, "Control of filaments induced by femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air," Opt. Express 13,10424-30 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Nuter, S. Skupin, and L. Bergé, "Chirp-induced dynamics of femtosecond filaments in air," Opt. Lett. 30,917-9 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Mechain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. Andre, C. D’Amico,M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, "Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization," App. Phys. B 79,379-382 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. G. Mechain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. Andre, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, R. Sauerbrey, "Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser," Opt. Commun. 247,171-180 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. V.I. Talanov, "Focusing of light in cubic media," JETP Lett. 11,199-201 (1970).
  13. Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.˜F. Gravel, O.G. Kosareva, N.A. Panov, N. Aközbek, V.P. Kandidov, G. Roy, S.L. Chin, "Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond lase pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80,35-38 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. S.L. Chin, S.A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V.P. Kandidov, O.G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83,863-905 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. B.E.A. Saleh and M.C. Teich, Fundamentals of photonics, (John Wiley & sons, Inc., New York, 1991). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Mlejnek, E.M. Wright, and J.V. Moloney, "Moving-Focus Versus Self-Waveguiding Model for Long-Distance Propagation of Femtosecond Pulses in Air," IEEE J. Quantum Eelecton. 35,1771 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Dubietis, E. Gaizauskas, G. Tamošauskas, P. Di Trapani, "Light filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253903 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, H.L. Xu, S.A. Hosseini, S.M. Sarifi, S.L. Chin, "The influence of divergence on filament length during the propagation of intense ultra-short laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 82,373-376 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Couairon "Filamentation length of powerful laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 76,789-792 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited