OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 4992–4997

Field-free alignment of molecules at room temperature

Nan Xu, Chengyin Wu, Juan Huang, Zhifeng Wu, Qingqing Liang, Hong Yang, and Qihuang Gong  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 4992-4997 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (200 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Field-free alignment of N2, O2, CO, CO2, CS2, and C2H4 molecules was experimentally achieved at room temperature by using 800 nm, 110 fs laser pulses at an intensity of 6×1013 W/cm2. An enhanced degree of alignment was also demonstrated by using two pulses with appropriate separation times. These results indicate that multi-pulse alignment is a feasible approach to provide macroscopic ensembles of highly aligned molecules for practical applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(270.6620) Quantum optics : Strong-field processes
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: March 16, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 15, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 17, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

Nan Xu, Chengyin Wu, Juan Huang, Zhifeng Wu, Qingqing Liang, Hong Yang, and Qihuang Gong, "Field-free alignment of molecules at room temperature," Opt. Express 14, 4992-4997 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. B. Corkum, C. Ellert, M. Mehendale, P. Dietrich, S. Hankin, S. Aseyev, D. Rayner, and D. Villeneuve, "Molecular science with strong laser fields," Faraday Discuss. 113, 47-59 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, "Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543-557 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. L. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, P. W. Dooley, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Alignment-dependent strong field ionization of molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 233003 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals," Nature (London) 432, 867-871 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, "Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules," Nature (London) 435, 470-474 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Seideman, "Revival structure of aligned rotational wave packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4971 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Rosca-Pruna, M. J. J. Vrakking, "Experimental observation of revival structures in picosecond laser-induced alignment of I2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 153902 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. Hamilton, T. Seideman, T. Ejdrup, M. D. Poulsen, C. Z. Bisgaard, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, "Alignment of symmetric top molecules by short laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043402 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Torres, R. de Nalda, and J. P. Marangos, "Dynamics of laser-induced molecular alignment in the impulsive and adiabatic regimes: A direct comparison," Phys. Rev. A 72, 023420 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. J. G. Underwood, B. J. Sussman, and A. Stolow, "Field-free three dimensional molecular axis alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 143002 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, "Generation of single dispersion precompensated 1-fs pulses by shaped-pulse optimized high-order stimulated Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Spanner, E. A. Shapiro, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. N. Yurchenko, S. Patchkovskii, L. V. Litvinyuk, P. B. Corkum, and G. L. Yudin, "Laser-induced interference, focusing, and diffraction of rescattering molecular photoelectrons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 223003 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. W. Dooley, I. V. Litvinyuk, K. F. Lee, D. M. Rayner, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Direct imaging of rotational wave-packet dynamics of diatomic molecules," Phys. Rev. A 68, 023406 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Z. Bisgaard, M. D. Poulsen, E. Peronne, S. S. Viftrup, and H. Stapelfeldt, "Observation of enhanced field-free molecular alignment by two laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173004 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guerin, Y. T Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, "Postpulse molecular alignment measured by a weak field polarization technique," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Rouzee, V. Renard, B. Lavorel, and O. Faucher, "Laser spatial profile effects in measurements of impulsive molecular alignment," J. Phys. B 38, 2329-2335 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Renard, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, "Measurement of laser-induced alignment of molecules by cross defocusing," Opt. Lett. 30, 70-72 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Zamith, Z. Ansari, F. Lepine, and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Single-shot measurement of revival structures in femtosecond laser-induced alignment of molecules," Opt. Lett. 30, 2326-2328 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. G. Herzberg, Molecular spectra and molecular structure, (Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Ltd., 1966).
  21. S. Ramakrishna, and T. Seideman, "Dissipative dynamics of laser induced nonadiabatic molecular alignment," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 034101 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. I. Sh. Averbukh, and R. Arvieu, "Angular focusing, squeezing, and rainbow formation in a strongly driven quantum rotor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 163601 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Leibsher, I. Sh. Averbukh, and H. Rabitz, "Molecular alignment by trains of short laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213001 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. K. F. Lee, I. V. Litvinyuk, P. W. Dooley, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Two-pulse alignment of molecules," J. Phys. B 37, 43-48, (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited