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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 5021–5030

Monolithic active quenching and picosecond timing circuit suitable for large-area single-photon avalanche diodes

A. Gallivanoni, I. Rech, D. Resnati, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 5021-5030 (2006)

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A new integrated active quenching circuit (i-AQC) designed in a standard CMOS process is presented, capable of operating with any available single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) over wide temperature range. The circuit is suitable for attaining high photon timing resolution also with wide-area SPADs. The new i-AQC integrates the basic active-quenching loop, a patented low-side timing circuit comprising a fast pulse pick-up scheme that substantially improves time-jitter performance, and a novel active-load passive quenching mechanism (consisting of a current mirror rather than a traditional high-value resistor) greatly improves the maximum counting rate. The circuit is also suitable for portable instruments, miniaturized detector modules and SPAD-array detectors. The overall features of the circuit may open the way to new developments in diversified applications of time-correlated photon counting in life sciences and material sciences.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.0000) General : General

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 17, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 26, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

A. Gallivanoni, I. Rech, D. Resnati, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova, "Monolithic active quenching and picosecond timing circuit suitable for large-area single-photon avalanche diodes," Opt. Express 14, 5021-5030 (2006)

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