OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 5168–5177

Superresolution optical system by common-path interferometry

Vicente Mico, Zeev Zalevsky, and Javier Garcia  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 5168-5177 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.005168


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (515 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a new approach to obtain superresolved images in digital holography by means of synthetic aperture generation using common-path interferometry and off-axis illumination in optical imaging systems. The paper includes two parts. First, we present a simple approach to double the resolution of an optical system using tilted illumination onto the object and an optical element in the image plane to produce the holographic recording. Then we present a novel approach consisting of attaching a diffraction grating in parallel together with the object in the input plane and using off-axis illumination provided by a Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSEL) array to allow us achieving a major improvement in the optical resolution limit with an extremely low penalty in the complexity of the resulting system. Experimental investigation based on commercial microscope objectives is presented.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(100.0100) Image processing : Image processing
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems

ToC Category:
Image Processing

History
Original Manuscript: March 13, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 12, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 12, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Vicente Mico, Zeev Zalevsky, and Javier García, "Superresolution optical system by common-path interferometry," Opt. Express 14, 5168-5177 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-12-5168


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Courjon, Near-Field Microscopy and Near-Field Optics (Imperial College Press, London, 2003).
  2. M. G. L. Gustafsson, "Nonlinear structured-illumination microscopy: wide-field fluorescence imaging with theoretically unlimited resolution," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 13081-13086 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Zalevsky and D. Mendlovic, Optical Super Resolution, (Springer 2002).
  4. Z. Zalevsky, D. Mendlovic, and A. W. Lohmann, "Optical systems with improved resolving power," Prog. Opt.,  40, 271-341 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Toraldo di Francia, "Resolving power and information," J. Opt. Soc. Am A. 45, 497-501 (1955). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Toraldo di Francia, "Degrees of freedom of an image," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 799-804 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. J. Cox and J. R. Sheppard, "Information capacity and resolution in an optical system," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1152-1158 (1986). [CrossRef]
  8. P. H. Van Cittert, "Zum einfluss der spaltbreite auf die intensitatsverteilung in spektrallinien," Z. Physik 69, 298-308 (1931). [CrossRef]
  9. R. W. Gerchberg, "Superresolution through error energy reduction," Opt. Acta 21, 709-720 (1974). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Lukosz, "Optical sytems with resolving powers exceeding the classical limits II," J. Opt. Soc. Am 57, 932-941 (1967). [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Grimm and A. W. Lohmann, "Superresolution image for one-dimensional object," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1151-1156 (1966). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Shemer, D. Mendlovic, Z. Zalevsky, J. Garcia, and P. Garcia-Martinez, "Superresolving optical system with time multiplexing and computer decoding," Appl. Opt. 38, 7245-7251 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. M. G. L. Gustafsson, A. Agard, and W. Sedat, "I5M: 3D widefield light microscopy with better than 100 nm axial resolution," J. Microsc. 195, 10-16 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Françon, "Amélioration the résolution d’optique," Il Nuovo CimentoSuppl. 9, 283-290 (1952). [CrossRef]
  15. A. W. Lohmann and D. P. Paris, "Superresolution for nonbirefringent objects," Appl. Opt. 3, 1037-1043 (1964). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Zlotnik, Z. Zalevsky, and E. Marom, "Superresolution with nonorthogonal polarization coding," Appl. Opt. 44, 3705-3715 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. I. Kartashev, "Optical system with enhanced resolving power," Opt. Spectra. 9, 204-206 (1960).
  18. A. Shemer, Z. Zalevsky, D. Mendlovic, N. Konforti, and E. Marom, "Time multiplexing superresolution based on interference grating projection," Appl. Opt. 41, 7397-7404 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Mico, Z. Zalevsky, P. García-Martínez, and J. García, "Single step superresolution by interferometric imaging," Opt. Express 12, 2589-2596 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. X. Chen and S. R. J. Brueck, "Imaging interferometric lithography: approaching the resolution limits of optics," Opt. Lett. 24, 124-126 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. C. J. Schwarz, Y. Kuznetsova, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Imaging interferometric microscopy," Opt. Lett. 28, 1424-1426 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. N. Leith, D. Angell, and C.-P. Kuei, "Superresolution by incoherent-to-coherent conversion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A,  4, 1050-1054 (1987). [CrossRef]
  23. P. C. Sun and E. N. Leith, "Superresolution by spatial-temporal encoding methods," Appl. Opt. 31, 4857- 4862 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. V. Mico, Z. Zalevsky, P. García-Martínez, and J. García, "Superresolved imaging in digital holography by superposition of tilted wavefronts," Appl. Opt. 45, 822-828 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. H. Kadono, N. Takai, and T. Asakura, "New common-path phase shifting interferometer using a polarization technique," Appl. Opt. 26, 898-904 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Ch. S. Anderson, "Fringe visibility, irradiance, and accuracy in common path interferometers for visualization of phase disturbances," Appl. Opt. 34, 7474-7485 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. Glückstad and P. C. Mogensen, "Optimal phase contrast in common-path interferometry," Appl. Opt. 40, 268-282 (2001). [CrossRef]
  28. C. G. Teviño-Palacios, M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, D. Sánchez-de-la-Llave, R. Ramos-García, and L. I. Olivos- Pérez, "Nonlinear common-path interferometer: an image processor," Appl. Opt. 42, 5091-5095 (2003). [CrossRef]
  29. V. Arrizón and D. Sánchez-de-la-Llave, "Common-path interferometry with one-dimensional periodic filters," Opt. Lett. 29, 141-143 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited