OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 5508–5516

Observation of discrete quadratic surface solitons

Georgios A. Siviloglou, Konstantinos G. Makris, Robert Iwanow, Roland Schiek, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, George I. Stegeman, Yoohong Min, and Wolfgang Sohler  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 5508-5516 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.005508


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2220 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report the first observation of discrete quadratic surface solitons in self-focusing and defocusing periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide arrays. By operating on either side of the phase-matching condition and using the cascading nonlinearity, both in-phase and staggered discrete surface solitons were observed. This represents the first experimental demonstration of staggered/gap surface solitons at the interface of a semi-infinite nonlinear lattice. The experimental results were found to be in good agreement with theory.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4350) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 4, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

Citation
Georgios A. Siviloglou, Konstantinos G. Makris, Robert Iwanow, Roland Schiek, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, George I. Stegeman, Yoohong Min, and Wolfgang Sohler, "Observation of discrete quadratic surface solitons," Opt. Express 14, 5508-5516 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-12-5508


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, "Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices," Nature 424, 817-823 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, "Discrete self-focusing in nonlinear arrays of coupled waveguides," Opt. Lett. 13, 794-796 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Peschel, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, "Discrete bright solitary waves in quadratically nonlinear media," Phys. Rev. E 57, 1127-1133 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. N. K. Efremidis, S. Sears, D. N. Christodoulides, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, "Discrete solitons in photorefractive optically induced photonic lattices," Phys. Rev. E 66,046602 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, "Discrete spatial optical solitons in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383-3386 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, "Observation of discrete quadratic solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, "Observation of two-dimensional discrete solitons in optically induced nonlinear photonic lattices," Nature 422, 147-150 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. A. Brzdąkiewicz, and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete light propagation and self-trapping in liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 13, 1808-1815 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. A. Maradudin, "Nonlinear surface electromagnetic waves," in Optical and Acoustic Waves in Solids-Modern Topics, (World Scientific, Singapore, 1983), Chap. 2.
  10. U. Langbein, F. Lederer, and H. E. Ponath, "A new type of nonlinear slab-guided waves," Opt. Commun. 46, 167-169, (1983). [CrossRef]
  11. A. D. Boardman, P. Egan, F. Lederer, U. Langbein, and D. Mihalache, "Third-order nonlinear electromagnetic TE and TM guided waves," in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena," H. E. Ponath, and G. I. Stegeman, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991) p. 73-287.
  12. C. T. Seaton, J. D. Valera, R. L. Shoemaker, G. I. Stegeman, J. T. Chilwell, and S. D. Smith, "Calculations of nonlinear TE waves guides by thin dielectric films bounded by nonlinear media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 774-783, (1985). [CrossRef]
  13. K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, "Discrete surface solitons," Opt. Lett. 30, 2466-2468, (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H.  Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, "Observation of discrete surface solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. V. Kartashov, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, "Surface gap solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. N. Akhmediev, V. I. Korneev, and Y. V. Kuz’menko, Sov. Phys. JETP 61, 62 (1985).
  17. R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, "Arrays of weakly coupled, periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides: beam propagation and discrete spatial quadratic solitons," Opto-Electron.Rev. 13, 113-121 (2005).
  18. R. Iwanow, G. I. Stegeman, R. Schiek, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, "Highly localized discrete quadratic solitons," Opt. Lett. 30, 1033-1035 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: AVI (2355 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (1876 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited