OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 5571–5580

Direction controllable linearly polarized laser from a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal

Ying Zhou, Yuhua Huang, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Liang-Pin Chen, Qi Hong, and Shin-Tson Wu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 5571-5580 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.005571


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (164 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a direction controllable linearly polarized laser from a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) in a homogeneous cell coated with a metallic mirror on the inner side of a glass substrate. Due to coherent superposition of two orthogonal polarization states, the output laser light becomes linearly polarized and its output energy is greatly enhanced. Moreover, the linear polarization direction angle is proportional to the product of the CLC effective birefringence and cell gap. Hence direction tunable laser devices can be demonstrated by controlling the cell gap and the operating temperature.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: April 12, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 24, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

Citation
Ying Zhou, Yuhua Huang, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Liang-Pin Chen, Qi Hong, and Shin-Tson Wu, "Direction controllable linearly polarized laser from a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal," Opt. Express 14, 5571-5580 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-12-5571


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. I. Kopp, Z. Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays, (Wiley, New York, 2001).
  3. J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, "The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1896-1899 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, "Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 23, 1707-1709 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. Ei-Kady, "Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 593-595 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. W. Y. Cao, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase," Nat. Mater. 1, 111-113 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a free-standing film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16-18 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, "Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011107 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Y. G. Fuh, T. H. Lin, J. H. Liu, and F. C. Wu, "Lasing in chiral photonic liquid crystals and associated frequency tuning," Opt. Express 12, 1857-1863 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, "Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231107 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, "Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector," Opt. Express 14, 3906-3916 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, "Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3748-3750 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Optical wave propagation in a cholesteric liquid crystal using the finite element method," Liq. Cryst. 30, 367-375 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Hecht, Optics (2nd edition), Chapter 8, (Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts, 1987).
  20. P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (2nd edition), (Oxford University Press, New York, 1993).
  21. J. Li, G. Baird, Y. H. Lin, H. W. Ren, and S. T. Wu, "Refractive index matching between liquid crystals and photopolymers," J. SID. 13, 1017-1026 (2005).
  22. K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Discontinuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42,L1523-L1525 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited