OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 13 — Jun. 26, 2006
  • pp: 6194–6200

Observation of nonlinear optical phenomena in air and fused silica using a 100 GW, 1.54 µm source

M. L. Naudeau, R. J. Law, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, S. M. Cameron, and J. V. Rudd  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 13, pp. 6194-6200 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (174 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A 100-GW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier system is used to study nonlinear effects in the 1.54 µm regime. When focusing this beam in air, strong third-harmonic generation (THG) is observed, and both the spectra and efficiency are measured. Broadening is observed on only the blue side of the third-harmonic signal and an energy conversion efficiency of 0.2% is achieved. When propagated through a 10-cm block of fused silica, a collimated beam is seen to collapse and form multiple filaments. The measured spectral features span 400–2100 nm. The spectrum is dominated by previously unobserved Stokes emissions and broad emissions in the visible.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: April 24, 2006
Revised Manuscript: June 7, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: June 9, 2006
Published: June 26, 2006

M. L. Naudeau, R. J. Law, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, S. M. Cameron, and J. V. Rudd, "Observation of nonlinear optical phenomena in air and fused silica using a 100 GW, 1.54 μm source," Opt. Express 14, 6194-6200 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Liu, S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, and V. P. Kandidov, "Experimental observation and simulations of the self-action of white light laser pulse propagating in air," New J. Phys. 6, 1-22 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. A. C. Bernstein, J. C. Diels, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, A. McPherson, and S. M. Cameron, "Time-resolved measurements of self-focusing pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 28, 2354-2356 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. A. Pitts, T. S. Luk, J. K. Gruetzner, T. R. Nelson, A. McPherson, S. M. Cameron, and A. C. Bernstein, "Propagation of self-focusing laser pusles in atmosphere: experiment versus numerical simulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2008-2016 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Sprangle, J. R. Peñano, and B. Hafizi, "Propagation of intense short laser pulses in the atmosphere," Phys. Rev. E 66, 046418, 1-21 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. N. Aközbek, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, "Continuum generation of the third-harmonic pulse generated by an intense femtosecond IR laser pulse in air," Appl. Phys. B 77, 177-183 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Saliminia, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, "Ultra-broad and coherent white light generation in silica glass by focused femtosecond pulses at 1.5 µm," Opt. Express 13, 5731-5738 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. V. Rudd, R. J. Law, T. S. Luk, and S. M. Cameron, "High-power optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier system with a 1.55 µm signal and a 1.064 µm pump," Opt. Lett. 30, 1974-1976 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Fibich and A. L. Gaeta, "Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides," Opt. Lett. 25, 335-337 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. A. B. Fedetov, N. I. Koroteev, M. M. T. Loy, X. Xiao, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Saturation of third-harmonic generation in a plasma of self-induced optical breakdown due to the self-action of 80-fs light pulses," Opt. Commun. 133, 587-595 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Bergé, S. Skupin, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Supercontinuum emission and enhanced self-guiding of infrared femtosecond filaments sustained by third-harmonic generation in air," Phys. Rev. E 71, 016602-1-13 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. P.W. Milonni and J. H. Eberly, Lasers, (John Wiley & Sons, 1988), p 673-676.
  13. M. L. Naudeau, J. Bodnar, R. J. Law, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, M. Rivera, J. V. Rudd, and S. M. Cameron are preparing a manuscript to be called "Third harmonic generation in air as a function of wavelength, f-number, and peak power."
  14. V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white-light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, 1995), p. 318.
  16. M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, "Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043905 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited