OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 13 — Jun. 26, 2006
  • pp: 6322–6332

Negative refractions and backward waves in biaxially anisotropic chiral media

Qiang Cheng and Tie Jun Cui  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 13, pp. 6322-6332 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (132 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We investigate the refraction and propagation properties of electromagnetic waves which are incident from free space to a biaxially anisotropic chiral medium. Such a chiral medium can be realized by putting chiral elements pointing to two directions into a host medium. When the host medium is a normally isotropic dielectric, no negative refraction and/or backward waves are supported for the propagating eigenwaves in the chiral medium. When the host medium changes to an anisotropic dielectric or an electric plasma, however, negative refractions and backward waves can be realized separately or even simultaneously if we choose the medium parameters properly. Numerical simulations validate our theoretical analysis.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5710) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Refraction
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

Original Manuscript: April 10, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 24, 2006
Published: June 26, 2006

Qiang Cheng and Tie Jun Cui, "Negative refractions and backward waves in biaxially anisotropic chiral media," Opt. Express 14, 6322-6332 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. I. V. Lindell, A. H. Sihvola, S. A. Tretyakov, and A. J. Viitanen, Electromagnetic waves in Chiral and Bi-Isotropic Media (Artech House, Boston, 1994).
  2. J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1353 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, "Waves and energy in chiral nihility," J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17, 695 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. T. G. Mackay and A. Lakhtakia, "Plane waves with negative phase velocity in Faraday chiral mediums," Phys. Rev. E 69, 026602 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Jin and S. He, "Focusing by a slab of chiral medium," Opt. Express 13, 4974 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Tretyakov, A. Sihvola, and L. Jylha, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 107 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Monzon and D. W. Forester, "Negative refraction and focusing of circularly polarized waves in optically active media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 123904 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113104 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. T. G. Mackay and A. Lakhtakia, "Negative phase velocity in a material with simultaneous mirror-conjugated and racemic chirality characteristics," New J. Phys. 7, 165 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. J. L. Tsalamengas, "Interaction of electromagnetic waves with general bianisotropic slabs," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 40, 1870 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited