OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 15 — Jul. 24, 2006
  • pp: 6823–6836

High-speed (2.5 Gbps) reconfigurable inter-chip optical interconnects using opto-VLSI processors

Muhsen Aljada, Kamal E. Alameh, Yong-Tak Lee, and Il-Sug Chung  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 15, pp. 6823-6836 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.006823


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1005 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Reconfigurablele optical interconnects enable flexible and high-performance communication in multi-chip architectures to be arbitrarily adapted, leading to efficient parallel signal processing. The use of Opto-VLSI processors as beam steerers and multicasters for reconfigurable interchip optical interconnection is discussed. We demonstrate, as proof-ofconcept, 2.5 Gbps reconfigurable optical interconnects between an 850nm vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSEL) array and a photodiode (PD) array integrated onto a PCB by driving two Opto-VLSI processors with steering and multicasting digital phase holograms. The architecture is experimentally demonstrated through three scenarios showing its flexibility to perform single, multicasting, and parallel reconfigurable optical interconnects. To our knowledge, this is the first reported high-speed reconfigurable N-to-N optical interconnects architecture, which will have a significant impact on the flexibility and efficiency of large shared-memory multiprocessor machines.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(200.2610) Optics in computing : Free-space digital optics
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects

ToC Category:
Optical Computing

History
Original Manuscript: June 5, 2006
Revised Manuscript: July 14, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: July 16, 2006
Published: July 24, 2006

Citation
Muhsen Aljada, Kamal E. Alameh, Yong-Tak Lee, and Il-Sug Chung, "High-speed (2.5 Gbps) reconfigurable inter-chip optical interconnects using opto-VLSI processors," Opt. Express 14, 6823-6836 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-15-6823


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. E. Lemoff, M. E. Ali, G. Panotopoulos, G. M. Flower, B. Madhavan, A. F. J. Levi, and D. W. Dolfi, "MAUI: enabling fiber-to-the-Processor with parallel multiwavelength optical interconnects," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2043 - 2054 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, and S. Sinzinger, "Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures," Proc. IEEE.  88, 838 - 848 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. L. A. Buckman Windover, J. N. Simon, S. A. Rosenau, K. Giboney, G. M. Flower, L. W. Mirkarimi, A. Grot, B. Law, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, R. W. Gruhlke, H. Xia, G. Rankin, and D. W. Dolfi, "Parallel optical interconnects beyond > 100 Gb/s," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2055-2063 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. C. Hoyeol, P. Kapur, and K. C. Saraswat, "Power comparison between high-speed electrical and optical interconnects for interchip communication," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2021 - 2033 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. F.-C. F. Tsai, C. J. O'Brien, N. S. Petrović, and A. D. Rakić, "Analysis of optical channel cross talk for free-space optical interconnects in the presence of higher-order transverse modes," Appl. Opt. 44, 6380-6387 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. Wang, F. Kiamilev, G. C. Papen, J. Ekman, P. Gui, M. J. McFadden, J. C. Deroba, M. W. Haney, and C. Kuznia, "Performance-based adaptive power optimization for digital optical interconnects," Appl. Opt. 44, 6240-6252 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Bockstaele, T. Coosemans, C. Sys, L. Vanwassenhove, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, R. Annen, H. Melchior, J. Hall, P. L. Heremans, M. Brunfaut, J. Van Campenhout, "Realization and characterization of 8 x 8 resonant cavity LED arrays mounted onto CMOS drivers for POF-based interchip interconnections," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Elect.  5, 224-235 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. V. Baukens, G. Verschaffelt, P. Tuteleers, P. Vynck, H. Ottevaere, M. Kufner, S. Kufner, I. Veretennicoff, R. Bockstaele, A. Van Hove, B. Dhoedt, R. Baets, and H. Thienpont, "Performances of optical multi-chip-module interconnects: comparing guided-wave and free-space pathways," J. Opt. Pure Appl. Opt.  1, 255-261 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristow, and Y. S. Liu, "Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects," Proc. IEEE. 88, 780-793 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Mederer, R. Jager, H. J. Unold, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, S. Lehmacher, A. Neyer, and E. Griese, "3-Gb/s data transmission with GaAs VCSEL’s over PCB integrated polymer waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1032-1034 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Li, J. Ai, and J. Popelek, "Board-level 2-D data-capable optical interconnect circuits using polymer fiber-image guides," Proc. IEEE. 88, 794-805 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. T. May, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, and J. A. Trezza, "Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers to a receiver array by means of a fiber image guide," Appl. Opt. 39, 683-689 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. H. F. Bare, F. Haas, D. A. Honey, D. Mikolas, H. G. Craighead, G. Pugh, and R. Soave, "A simple surface-emitting LED array useful for developing free-space optical interconnect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 172 - 175 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Jahns, Y. H. Lee, C. A. Burrus, and J. L. Jewell, "Optical interconnects using top-surface-emitting microlasers and planar optics," Appl. Opt. 31, 592-597 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, and J. S. Ahearn, "256-channel bidirectional optical interconnect using VCSEL’s and photodiodes on CMOS," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093-1103 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. D. V. Plant, and A. G. Kirk, "Optical interconnects at the chip and board level: challenges and solutions," Proc IEEE. 88, 806 - 818 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. J. J Liu, Z. Kalayjian, B. Riely, W. Chang, G. J. Simonis, A. Apsel, and A. Andreou, "Multichannel ultrathin silicon-on-sapphire optical interconnects," IEEE J.Sel. Top. Quantum. Elect.  9, 380 - 386 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. V. M. Hietala, C. Chun, J. Laskar, K. D. Choquette, K. M. Geib, A. A. Allerman, and J. J. Hindi, "Two-dimensional 8×8 photoreceiver array and VCSEL drivers for high-throughput optical data links," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 36, 1297-1302 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Wang, A. D. Raki, and M. L. Majewski, "Design of microchannel free-space optical interconnects based on vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays," Appl. Opt. 41, 3469-3478 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. Goulet, N. Nieuborg, H. Thienpont, A. Kirk, P. Koczyk, P. Heremans, M. Kuijk, C. De Tandt, W. Ranson, R. Vounckx, and I. Veretennicoff, "Polarization-based reconfigurable optical interconnects in free-space optical processing modules," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 367 - 369 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. C. J. Henderson, D. G. Leyva, T. D. Wilkinson, "Free space adaptive optical interconnect at 1.25 gb/s, with beam steering using a ferroelectric liquid-crystal slm," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1989 - 1997 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Aljada, K. E. Alameh, and K. Al-Begain, "Opto-VLSI-based correlator architecture for multi-wavelength optical header recognition," J. Lighwave Technol. 24, 2779-2785 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Ahderom, M. Raisi, K. E. Alameh, and K. Eshraghian, "Dynamic WDM equalizer using opto-VLSI beam processing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1603-1605 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. Z. Wang, R. Zheng, K. E. Alameh, R. Robertson, U. Mueller, and L. Bloom, "Opto-VLSI-based dynamic optical splitter," Electron. Lett.  40, 1445 - 1446 (2004). [CrossRef]
  25. I. G. Manolis, T. D. Wilkinson, M. M. Redmond, and W. A. Crossland, "Reconfigurable multilevel phase holograms for Optical switches," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 801-803 (2002). [CrossRef]
  26. H. Dammann, "Spectral characteristics of stepped-phase gratings," Optik 53, 409-417 (1979).
  27. R. D. Jeffery, K. E. Alameh, and M. Vasiliev, "Design of reconfigurable optical interconnects employing Opto-VLSI processors," in Proceeding of the International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, 2005 (International Federation for Information Processing, Western Australia, 2005) pp. 39-44.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited