OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 18 — Sep. 4, 2006
  • pp: 8413–8418

Microstructured optical fiber coated with thin films for gas and chemical sensing

Vladimir P. Minkovich, D. Monzón-Hernández, Joel Villatoro, and Gonçal Badenes  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 18, pp. 8413-8418 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (142 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose the use of tapered microstructured fibers with collapsed air-holes coated with thin layers for gas sensing. The collapsing of the holes allows having access to the evanescent fields which can be absorbed or attenuated with gas-permeable thin films. On the other hand, a section of the holey fiber is transformed into a solid multimode fiber. The beating between the multiple modes of the latter makes the transmission spectra of the device to exhibit an oscillatory pattern. This evanescent-fields-plus-modal-interferometer structure may offer interesting properties for gas and chemical sensing. As an example we demonstrate a hydrogen sensor.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

Original Manuscript: May 31, 2006
Revised Manuscript: August 18, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: August 18, 2006
Published: September 1, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Vladimir P. Minkovich, D. Monzón-Hernández, Joel Villatoro, and Gonçal Badenes, "Microstructured optical fiber coated with thin films for gas and chemical sensing," Opt. Express 14, 8413-8418 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Sensing with microstructured optical fibers," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. L. Hoo, W. Jin, C. Shi, H. L. Ho, D. N. Wang, and S. C. Ruan, "Design and modeling of a photonic crystal fiber gas sensor," Appl. Opt. 42, 3509-3515 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. C. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. P. Hansen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12,4080-4087 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Pickrell, W. Peng, and A. Wang, "Random-hole optical fiber evanescent-wave gas sensing," Opt. Lett. 29, 1476-1478 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. M. Fini, "Microstructure fibers for optical sensing in gases and liquids," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120-1128 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. V. Matejec, J. Mrázek, M. Hayer, I. Kašík, P. Peterka, J. Kaňka, P. Honzátko, and D. Berková, "Microstructure fibers for gas detection," Mater. Sci. Eng. C 26, 317-321 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. K. Lize, E. C. Magi, V. G. Ta’eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Express 12, 3209-3217 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. C. Magi, H. C. Nguyen, and B. J. Eggleton, "Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires," Opt. Express 13, 453-459 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. P. Minkovich, A. V. Kiryanov, A. B. Sotsky, and L. I. Sotskaya, "Large-mode-area holey fibers with a few air channels in cladding: modeling and experimental investigation of the modal properties," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1161-1169 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. V. P. Minkovich, J. Villatoro, D. Monzón-Hernández, S. Calixto, A. B. Sotsky, and L. I. Sotskaya, "Holey fiber tapers with resonance transmission for high-resolution refractive index sensing," Opt. Express 13, 7609-7614 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. W. Snyder, "Coupling of modes on a tapered dielectric cylinder," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT- 18, 383-392 (1970). [CrossRef]
  12. D. T. Cassidy, D. C. Johnson, and K. O. Hill, "Wavelength-dependent transmission of monomode optical fiber tapers," Appl. Opt. 24, 945-950 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Lacroix, R. Bourbonnais, F. Gonthier, and J. Bures, "Tapered monomode optical fibers: understanding large power transfer," Appl. Opt. 25, 4421-4425 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. A. Buttler, "Optical fiber hydrogen sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1007-1009 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Bearzotti, C. Caliendo, and E. V. A. D'Amico, "Integrated optic sensor for the detection of H2 concentrations," Sens. Actuators B 7, 685-688 (1992). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Wang, A. Mandelis, and J. A. Garcia, "Detectivity comparison between thin-film Pd/PVDF photopyroelectric interferometric and optical reflectance hydrogen sensors," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4370-4376 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Villatoro, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, "In-line highly sensitive hydrogen sensors based on Pd-coated single-mode tapered fibers," IEEE Sens. J. 3, 533-537 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Díez, A. González-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, "Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Villatoro and D. Monzón-Hernández, "Fast detection of hydrogen with nano fiber tapers coated with ultra thin palladium layers," Opt. Express 13, 5087-5092 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Z. Zhao, M. A. Carpenter, H. Xia and D. Welch, "All-optical hydrogen sensor based on a high alloy content palladium thin film," Sens. Actuators B 113, 532-538 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Lin, T. Gao, J. Fantini, and M. J. Sailor, "A porous silicon-palladium composite film for optical interferometric sensing of hydrogen," Langmuir 20, 5104-5108(2004). [CrossRef]
  22. T. Xu, M. P. Zach, Z. L. Xiao, D. Rosenmann, U. Welp, W. K. Kwok, and G. W. Crabtree, "Self-assembled monolayer-enhanced hydrogen sensing with ultrathin palladium films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 203104 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited