OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 19 — Sep. 18, 2006
  • pp: 8685–8693

Experimental observation of left-handed transmission in a bilayer metamaterial under normal-to-plane propagation

Kaan Guven, M. Deniz Caliskan, and Ekmel Ozbay  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 19, pp. 8685-8693 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.008685


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (996 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally the double-negative (ε < 0, µ < 0) transmission band of a one-dimensional metamaterial structure under normal-to-plane propagation in the microwave regime. The structure consists of stacked bilayers of metal cutwire and wire pairs, which are separated by a thin dielectric layer. The existence of the negative index of refraction is inferred from the transmission and phase spectra obtained by using multilayer metamaterial samples. Another metamaterial structure incorporating non-magnetic (electrically shorted) cutwire pairs does not exhibit the corresponding transmission band, which supports the true left-handed behavior of the metamaterial.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance

ToC Category:
Metamaterials

History
Original Manuscript: July 10, 2006
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: September 11, 2006
Published: September 18, 2006

Citation
Kaan Guven, M. Deniz Caliskan, and Ekmel Ozbay, "Experimental observation of left-handed transmission in a bilayer metamaterial under normal-to-plane propagation," Opt. Express 14, 8685-8693 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-19-8685


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. G. Veselago, "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 504 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Microwave transmission through a two-dimensional, isotropic, left-handed metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 489 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, "Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials," Science 303,1494 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 THz," Science 306, 1351 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Katsarakis, G. Konstantinidis, A. Kostopoulos, R. S. Penciu, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Magnetic response of split-ring resonators in the far-infrared frequency regime," Opt. Lett. 30, 1348 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Magnetic metamaterials at telecommunication and visible frequencies," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203901 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Zhang, W. Fan, B. K. Minhas, A. Frauenglass, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Mid-infrared resonant magnetic nanostructures exhibiting a negative permeability," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 037402 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Single split-ring resonators at optical frequencies: limits of size scaling," Opt. Lett. 31, 1259, (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. O. Moser, B. D. F. Casse, O. Wilhelmi, B. T. Saw, "Terahertz response of a microfabricated rod-split-ring-resonator electromagnetic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063901 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, M. Kafesaki, R. Penciu, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. V. A. Podolskiy, A. K. Sarchev, V. M Shalaev, "Plasmon modes and negative refraction in metal nanowire composites," Opt. Express 11, 735 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, Hsiao-Kuan Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, "Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3356, (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3198 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at communication wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 31, 1800 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peak in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 26, 2623 (2004). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Aydin, K. Guven, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Observation of negative refraction and negative phase velocity in left-handed metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 124102 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial," Science 12, 892 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs," New J. Phys. 7, 168, 2005. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited