OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 2 — Jan. 23, 2006
  • pp: 556–561

Novel strain- and temperature-sensing mechanism based on dynamic grating in polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber

Xinyu Fan, Zuyuan He, and Kazuo Hotate  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 2, pp. 556-561 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.14.000556


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (197 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The first experimental observation of a dynamic grating in polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber (PM-EDF) is reported and a novel fiber-optic strain- and temperature-sensing mechanism based on the dynamic grating in PM-EDF is demonstrated experimentally. The dynamic grating is written with light beams in one primary polarization axis of the PM-EDF, and read with a light beam in the other primary polarization axis. The readout Bragg reflection wavelength of the grating differs from the writing wavelength and the wavelength difference is proportional to the birefringence between the two polarization axes. Making use of the dependence of the birefringence on strain or temperature, strain- and temperature-sensing is realized by measuring the Bragg reflection wavelength (frequency) shift. In order to detect the weak reflection from the dynamic grating, a dual-stage synchronous detection scheme is adopted in the experiment. The results show a strain-sensitivity of 1.4 MHz/με and a temperature-sensitivity of 60 MHz/°C, respectively.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Citation
Xinyu Fan, Zuyuan He, and Kazuo Hotate, "Novel strain- and temperature-sensing mechanism based on dynamic grating in polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber," Opt. Express 14, 556-561 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-2-556


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Taneda, and Y. Koyamada, "Development of a distributed sensing technique using Brillouin scattering," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296-1302 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Hotate and M. Tanaka, "Distributed fiber Brillouin strain sensing with 1-cm spatial resolution by correlation-based continuous-wave technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 179-181 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. X. Fan, Z. He, and K. Hotate, "Novel distributed fiber-optic strain sensor by localizing dynamic grating in polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber: proposal and theoretical analysis," Jpn. J. App. Phys. 44, 1101-1106 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. Z. He and K. Hotate, "Distributed fiber optic stress location measurement by arbitrary shaping of optical coherence function," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1715-1723 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. Frisken, "Transient Bragg reflection gratings in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 17, 1776-1778 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Nonlinear four-wave mixing in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 29, 1858-1859 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Nonlinear wave mixing and induced gratings in erbium- doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Fan, Z. He, Y. Mizuno, and K. Hotate, "Bandwidth-adjustable dynamic grating in erbium-doped fiber by synthesis of optical coherence function," Opt. Express 13, 5756-5761 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-15-5756">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-15-5756</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited