OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 2 — Jan. 23, 2006
  • pp: 979–987

Spectrum reshaping and pulse self-compression in normally dispersive media with negatively chirped femtosecond pulses

Jun Liu, Xiaowei Chen, Jiansheng Liu, Yi Zhu, Yuxin Leng, Jun Dai, Ruxin Li, and Zhizhan Xu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 2, pp. 979-987 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (247 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The spectral and the temporal behavior of high-intensity negatively chirped femtosecond pulses in normally dispersive media at different input parameters are experimentally studied. The spectrum of the pulse is reshaped due to strong self-actions. The pulse is self-compressed, instead of broadening, accompanied with the spectral FWHM bandwidth shortened. Steepening of the leading edge of the pulse and spectral red-shift are observed in the experiment. The numerical simulation shows that the result is in agreement with the experimental result.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Jun Liu, Xiaowei Chen, Jiansheng Liu, Yi Zhu, Yuxin Leng, Jun Dai, Ruxin Li, and Zhizhan Xu, "Spectrum reshaping and pulse self-compression in normally dispersive media with negatively chirped femtosecond pulses," Opt. Express 14, 979-987 (2006)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A.Braun, G.Korn, X.Liu, D.Du, J.Squier, and G.Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A.T.Ryan and G.P.Agrawal, "Pulse compression and spatial phase modulation in normally dispersive nonlinear Kerr media,"Opt. Lett. 20, 306-308 (1995) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E.T.J.Nibbering, P.F.Curley, G.Grillon, B.S.Prade, M.A.Franco, F.Salin, and A.Mysyrowicz, "Conical emission from self-guided femtosecond pulse in air," Opt. Lett. 21, 62-64(1996) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. K. Ranka, R.W. Schirmer, and A. L. Gaeta, "Observation of pulses splitting in nonlinear dispersive media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3783-3786 (1996) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S.A.Diddams, H.K.Eaton, A.A.Zozulya, and T.S.Clement, "Characterizing the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond pulses in bulk media," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 306-316 (1998) [CrossRef]
  6. A.A.Zozulya, "Propagation dynamics of intense femtosecond pulse: multiple splittings, coalescence, and continuum generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1430-1433 (1999) [CrossRef]
  7. J. K. Ranka and A. L. Gaeta, "Breakdown of the slowlyvarying envelope approximation in the self-focusing of ultrashortpulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 534-536 (1998) [CrossRef]
  8. A.Brodeur and S.L.Chin, "Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 637-650 (1999) [CrossRef]
  9. A. L. Gaeta, "Catastrophic collapse of ultra short pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3582-3585 (2000) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Tzortzakis, L.Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, "Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 213902-1-4 (2001) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, "Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820-1-8 (2003) [CrossRef]
  12. H.Yang, J.Zhang, J.Zhang, L.Z.Zhao, Y.J.Li, H.Teng, Y.T.Li, Z.H.Wang, Z.L.Chen, Z.Y.Wei, J.X.Ma, M.Yu, and Z.M.Sheng, "Third-order harmonic generation by self-guided femtosecond pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 67, 015401 (2003) [CrossRef]
  13. S. Henz and J. Herrmann, "Self-channeling and pulse shortening of femtosecond pulses in multiphoton-ionized dispersive dielectric solids," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2528-2531 (1999) [CrossRef]
  14. I. G. Koprinkov, A. Suda, P. Wang, and K. Midorikawa, "Self-compression of high-intensity femtosecond optical pulses and spatiotemporal soliton generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3847-3850 (2000) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O.Shorokhov, A.Pukhov, and I.Kostyukov, "Self-compression of laser pulses in plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 265002-1 (2003) [CrossRef]
  16. N.L.Wagner, E.A.Gibson, T.Popmintchev, I.P.Christov, M.M.Murnane, and H.C.Kapteyn, "Self-compression of ultrashort pulses through ionization-induced spatiotemporal reshaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 173902-1 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A.Couairon, M.Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S.A.Planas, N.L.Pires Mansur, C.H.Brito Cruz, and H.L.Fragnito, "Spectral narrowing in the propagation of chirped pulses in single-mode fibers," Opt. Lett. 18, 699-701 (1993) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M.Oberthaler and R.A.HÖpfel, "Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017-1019 (1993) [CrossRef]
  20. B.R.Washburn, J.A.Buck, and S.E. Ralph, "Transform-limited spectral compression due to self-phase modulation in fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 445-447 (2000) [CrossRef]
  21. I.Alexeev, A.Ting, D.F.Gordon, E.Briscope, J.R.Penano, R.F.Hubbard, and P.Sprangle, "Longitudinal compression of short laser pulses in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4080-4082 (2004) [CrossRef]
  22. R.Nuter, S.Skupin, and Luc Bergé, "Chirp-induced dynamics of femtosecond filaments in air," Opt. Lett. 30, 917-919 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A.Couairon, "Dynamics of femtosecond filamentation from saturation of self-focusing laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 68, 015801-1 (2003) [CrossRef]
  24. G. P.Agrawal, "Effect of intrapulse stimulated Raman scattering on soliton-effect pulse compression in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 15, 224-226 (1990) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. S. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small scale filamentation in water," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053817-1 (2005) [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited