OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 22 — Oct. 30, 2006
  • pp: 10452–10459

Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 22, pp. 10452-10459 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (339 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on the fabrication of high quality embedded channel waveguides inside Bi-doped silicate glass using femtosecond waveguide inscription. Waveguides are fabricated using both single and multi-scan fabrication techniques. Refractive index modifications of up to ∆n = 4.3×10-3 are observed, allowing the fabrication of waveguides nearly mode-matched to telecom fibers. When optically pumped at 980 and 810 nm broadband fluorescence emission centered at 1.3 μm with a FWHM of up to 500 nm is detected.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: September 8, 2006
Revised Manuscript: October 17, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: October 19, 2006
Published: October 30, 2006

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, "Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass," Opt. Express 14, 10452-10459 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C.B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J.F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, "Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy," Opt. Lett. 26,93-95 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to threedimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77,109-111 (2003) [CrossRef]
  3. L. Shah, A.Y. Arai, S.M. Eaton, and P.R. Herman, "Waveguide writing in fused silica with a femtosecond fiber laser at 522 nm and 1 MHz repetition rate," Opt. Express 13, (2005) 1999-2006 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, "Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,111109 (2006) [CrossRef]
  5. R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12,277-285 (2006) [CrossRef]
  6. G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, "C-band waveguide amplifier produced by femtosecond laser writing," Opt. Express 13,5976-5982 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, "Active waveguide fabrication in erbium doped oxyfluoride silicate glass using femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87,121102 (2005) [CrossRef]
  8. R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium doped oxyflouride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,1515-1517 (2006) [CrossRef]
  9. J. Liu, Z. Zhang, C. Flueraru, X. Liu, S. Chang and C. Grover, "Waveguide Shaping and Writing in Fused Silica Using a Femtosecond Laser." IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10,169-173 (2004) [CrossRef]
  10. C. Batchelor, W.J. Chung, S. Shen, and A. Jha, "Enhanced room-temperature emission in Cr4+ ions containing alumino-silicate glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,4035-4037 (2003) [CrossRef]
  11. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3," Opt. Express 13,6892-6898 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express 13,1628-1634 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, "Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses," Opt. Lett. 30,2433-2435 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Infrared broadband emission of bismuthdoped barium-aluminum-borate glasses," Opt. Express 13,1635-1642 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, "Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,191912 (2006) [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Optical Amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,3325-3326 (2003) [CrossRef]
  17. E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur-yanov, "CW bismuth fibre laser," Quantum Electron. 35,1083-1084 (2005) [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Nasu, M. Kohtoku and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss waveguides written with a femtosecond laser for flexible interconnection in a planar lightwave circuit," Opt. Lett. 30,723-725 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited