OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 23 — Nov. 13, 2006
  • pp: 11248–11255

Dark and bright blocker soliton interaction in defocusing waveguide arrays

Eugene Smirnov, Christian E. Rüter, Milutin Stepić, Vladimir Shandarov, and Detlef Kip  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 23, pp. 11248-11255 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.011248


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (531 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the interaction of an optical probe beam with both bright and dark blocker solitons formed with low optical light power in a saturable defocusing waveguide array in photorefractive lithium niobate. A phase insensitive interaction of the beams is achieved by means of counterpropagating light waves. Partial and full reflection (blocking) of the probe beam on the positive or negative light-induced defect is obtained, respectively, in good agreement with numerical simulations.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: October 9, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: October 9, 2006
Published: November 13, 2006

Citation
Eugene Smirnov, Christian E. Rüter, Milutin Stepić, Vladimir Shandarov, and Detlef Kip, "Dark and bright blocker soliton interaction in defocusing waveguide arrays," Opt. Express 14, 11248-11255 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-23-11248


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, "Discrete self-focusing in nonlinear arrays of coupled wave-guides," Opt. Lett. 13, 794 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, "Discrete spatial optical solitons in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, "Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices," Nature 424, 817 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, Photonic Crystals: The Road from Theory to Practice, (Kluwer, Boston, 2002).
  5. R. Morandotti, U. Peschel, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, and Y. Silberberg, "Experimental observation of linear and nonlinear optical Bloch oscillations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4756 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Fleischer, T. Carmon, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, "Observation of discrete solitons in optically-induced real time waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 23902 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Chen, M. Stepić, C. E. Rüter, D. Runde, D. Kip, V. Shandarov, O. Manela, and M. Segev, "Discrete diffraction and spatial gap solitons in photovoltaic LiNbO3 waveguide arrays," Opt. Express 13, 4314 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, "Diffraction management," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1863 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Mandelik, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti and J. S. Aitchison, "Band structure of waveguide arrays and excitation of Floquet-Bloch solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 53902 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. J. W. Fleischer, G. Bartal, O. Cohen, T. Schwartz, O. Manela, B. Freedman, M. Segev, H. Buljan, and N. K. Efremidis, "Spatial photonics in nonlinear waveguide arrays," Opt. Express 13, 1780 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Mandelik, R. Morandotti, J. S. Aitchison, and Y. Silberberg, "Gap solitons in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 93904 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. J. W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N. K. Efremidis, and D. N. Christodoulides, "Observation of two-dimensional discrete solitons in optically-induced nonlinear photonic lattices," Nature 422, 147 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Lj. Hadžievski, A. Maluckov, M. Stepić, and D. Kip, "Power controlled soliton stability and steering in lattices with saturable nonlinearity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 33901 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, and M. Segev, "Coherent collisions of photorefractive solitons," Opt. Lett. 22, 448 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, "Three dimensional spiraling of interacting spatial solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2551 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, "Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity," Science 286, 1518 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. N. Christodoulides and E. D. Eugenieva, "Blocking and routing discrete solitons in two-dimensional networks of nonlinear waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 233901 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. B. Aceves, C. DeAngelis, T. Peschel, R. Muschall, F. Lederer, S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, "Discrete self-trapping, soliton interactions, and beam steering in nonlinear waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. E 53, 1172 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. I. E. Papacharalampous, P. G. Kevrekidis, B. A. Malomed, and D. J. Frantzeskakis, "Soliton collisions in the discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation," Phys. Rev. E 68, 046604 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Meier, G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, R. Morandotti, M. Sorel, H. Yang, G. Salamo, J. S. Aitchison, and Y. Silberberg, "Nonlinear beam interactions in 1D discrete Kerr systems," Opt. Express 13, 1797 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Meier, G. I. Stegeman, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, and J. S. Aitchison, "Nonlinear optical beam interactions in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093903 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Meier, G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, Y. Silberberg, H. Yang, G. Salamo, M. Sorel, and J. S. Aitchison, "Beam interactions with a blocker soliton in one-dimensional arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1027 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Meier, G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, R. Morandotti, G. Salamo, H. Yang, M. Sorel, Y. Silberberg, and J. S. Aitchison, "Incoherent blocker soliton interaction in Kerr waveguide arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 3174 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. D. Kip, M. Wesner, C. Herden, and V. Shandarov, "Interaction of spatial photorefractive solitons in a planar waveguide," Appl. Phys. B 68, 971 (1999). [CrossRef]
  25. W. Królikowski, B. Luther-Davies, C. Denz, and T. Tschudi, "Annihilation of photorefractive solitons," Opt. Lett. 23, 97 (1998). [CrossRef]
  26. D. Kip, M. Soljačić, M. Segev, S. M. Sears, and D. N. Christodoulides, "(1+1) Dimensional modulation instability of spatially-incoherent light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 502 (2002). [CrossRef]
  27. E. Smirnov, C. E. Rüter, M. Stepić, V. Shandarov, and D. Kip, "Formation and light guiding properties of dark solitons in one-dimensional waveguide arrays," arXiv:nlin.PS/0607030 (2006).
  28. M. Stepić, E. Smirnov, C. E. Rüter, V. Shandarov, and D. Kip, "Beam interactions in one-dimensional saturable waveguide arrays," will appear in PRE, arXiv:physics/0607028 (2006).
  29. M. Matuszewski, C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, A. A. Sukhorukov, A. Mitchell, M. Trippenbach, M. W. Austin, W. Królikowski, and Yu. S. Kivshar, "Crossover from self-defocusing to discrete trapping in nonlinear waveguide arrays," Opt. Express 14, 254 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. For r < 1.1 only partial focusing of the narrow input beam is achieved. Nevertheless for such small intensity ratios (i.e. in the Kerr regime) bright solitons may still be obtained using larger soliton (input) widths.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited